The Australian winegrower Dr. Richard E. Smart (* 1945) studied agricultural science at the University of Sydney. He obtained further degrees at Macquarie University through studies on the influence of sunlight in vineyards, as well as regarding Canopy management at the Cornell University (New York State) under Dr. Nelson Shaulis (1913-2000). In 1995, he received the Doctor of Science degree from Stellenbosch University (South Africa) in recognition of his achievements in researching foliage work regarding the effects on yield and quality. Dr. Smart also worked extensively as a publicist. He is the author of the book "Sunlight in Wine", the author of many articles in specialist magazines, and the main person responsible for viticulture in the "Oxford Companion to Wine" (editor Jancis Robinson ).
Richard Smart is regarded as the world's leading specialist and global consultant for canopy management and in general for viticulture methods. He is also known as the "flying vine doctor". Together with the California winery owner John Dyson, that was Smart-Dyson education system developed, which was subsequently used worldwide (see for example Marqués de Griñón ). Two other educational systems developed by him are Ruakura twin two tier and Te Kauwhata Two Tier, Dr. Smart has repeatedly warned of the negative effects of the climate change on viticulture. Global warming is leading to an increase in the pest population such as the cicada Glassy-Winged Sharpshooter, the bacterial carrier of leaf disease Pierce Disease, In his opinion, many red wine varieties are endangered because they are theirs varietal will lose. China he sees as a winner of climate change and as an emerging wine-growing nation.