One of the largest and historically most important winegrowing areas California (Region North Coast ). It is divided into partially overlapping AVAs and sub-AVAs. Without going into the hierarchical order, these are in alphabetical order Alexander Valley, Alexander Mountain, Bennett Valley, Chalk Hill, Dry Creek Valley, Knights Valley, Los Carneros, Northern Sonoma, Rockpile, Russian River Valley, Sonoma Coast, Sonoma County Green Valley, Sonoma Mountain and Sonoma Valley. There is no comprehensive AVA name. The area extends north of San Francisco between Napa County and the Pacific. The climatic conditions range from warm in the north (climate region III) to cool in the south due to the Pacific (I). The diverse soils consist of clay, alluvial soils, lime and volcanic earth.
The vineyards cover around 23,000 hectares of vineyards on flat or gently hilly terrain at an average altitude of 120 meters. The main varieties are Cabernet Sauvignon. Chardonnay. Merlot. Pinot Noir. Syrah. Zinfandel. Gewurztraminer. Chenin Blanc. Riesling and Sauvignon Blanc, Half of the red and white wines are produced. The Sonoma Valley started the popular uprising that led to the separation of Alta California from Mexico in 1856 and to the United States in 1850. Before that, General Mariano Vallejo (1808-1890) was the last Mexican governor to run a winery and was the first large-scale winegrower. And the famous wine pioneer Agoston Haraszthy (1812-1869) founded his Buena Vista Winery,
The Miwok Indians called the Sonoma Valley "Valley of the Many Moons" because the moon rose seven times while crossing the valley and the Mayacama Mountains. It runs parallel to the "eternal competitor" to the east Napa Valley, The valley is bordered on both sides by steep mountains. Due to the special climatic conditions, it is an excellent red wine area. The main grape varieties here are Cabernet Sauvignon and Zinfandel. Until the 1970s, mainly simple wines for blending bulk wines were produced. Then there was starting from the winery Simi a big upswing in quality. In 1970 there were only 60 wineries, today there are more than 200. In addition to the Napa Valley, it is the center of Californian viticulture.
The writer Jack London (1876-1916) ran a ranch at Glen Ellen in Sonoma County. Today, his former property is administered by the state and used for growing grapes. He made a declaration of love for the area as follows: The air is like wine. Scraps of sea mist sweep across the Sonoma Mountains. The afternoon sun glows in the sleepy sky. I have everything to be happy. Well-known producers are Buena Vista Winery. Bronco Wine Company. Clos du Bois. Cobb Wines. Gallo. Gundlach-Bundschu. Francis Ford Coppola Winery. Hanzell. Iron horse. Jordan. Kendall-Jackson. Kenwood. Korbel. Louis M. Martini. Marimar Estate ( Torres ) Rafanelli. Ravenswood. Ridge Vineyards. Sebastiani. Simi and Williams Selyem.