The sainted Sophia (Sophie) was born in Rome (hence Sophie of Rome) and died around the year 304 as a Catholic martyr. Her name means "wisdom". It is not to be confused with the Hagia Sophia, which is worshiped in the Eastern Church (after which most of the Sophia churches are named), or the Martyr Sophie of Milan.
Sophie of Rome suffered as a young woman probably in the persecution of Christians under Emperor Diocletian (~ 240-316) martyrdom. Pope Sergius II had some of the relics buried around 845 under the high altar of the church of San Martino ai Monti, while Bishop Remigius of Strasbourg put other relics in the monastery Eschau in the Alsace brought. Sophie is the last in the series of the five Eisheiligen her feast day is May 15. She is patroness against late frosts and for the growth of crops. Some calendar rules: