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Sophie The canonized Sophia (Sophie) was born in Rome (hence Sophie of Rome) and died around 304 as a Catholic martyr. Her name means "wisdom". She should not be confused with Hagia Sophia (after whom most of the Sophia churches were named) or the martyr Sophie of Milan.

Sophie of Rome suffered martyrdom as a young woman in the persecution of Christians under Emperor Diocletian (~ 240-316). Pope Sergius II had some of the relics buried under the high altar of the Church of San Martino ai Monti around 845, while Bishop Remigius of Strasbourg had other relics in the Eschau Monastery in Alsace brought. Sophie is the last in the series of five Eisheiligen, her feast day is May 15th. She is the patron saint of late frosts and for growing crops. Some calendar rules:

  • Pankrazi. Servazi and Bonifazi are three frosty bazi, and cold Sophie is never missing in the end
  • Sophie is called the cold because she likes to bring cold weather
  • Never plant - in front of Sophie
  • The cold Sophie does everything here (hie = there, broken)
  • You sure won't be before night frost until Sophie is over
  • No summer before Bonifaz, no after Sophie frost
  • The “Cold Sophie” is called it because it often comes with cold and frost
  • Sophie often brought frost and made some plants dead
  • The cold 'Sophie, she brings, in the end, very gladly a downpour

See also on the subject under the keywords Bauernregeln. Customs in viticulture and wine Saints,

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