Viticulture in this continent was established only from the arrival of the Portuguese and Spanish Conquistadores at the beginning of the 16th century (see the historical background also under the heading) New world ). The colonization and thus the introduction of viticulture of the double continent began in Central America. The Spaniard Hernando Cortez (1485-1547) arrived in 1519 when he arrived Mexico though local varieties before, but the Aztec was a winemaking unknown.
The first European vines probably had already planted Cortez. In most cases, the year 1540 is mentioned, in which of Spanish Franciscan patrons the historic Misión ( Listán Prieto, in South America Criolla Chica, País etc.). This variety and its many offspring become the big group of the Criollas counted. The further colonization took place from 1547 in Peru, from 1551 in Chile and from 1556 in Argentina. The rapid spread of viticulture was mainly due to religious motivation because of the need for altar wine,
In part, there are also in the tropical Areas of viticulture or at least the production of table grapes or raisins, See under Argentina. Bolivia. Brazil. Chile. ecuador. Colombia. Cuba. Mexico (North America), Paraguay. Peru. Uruguay and Venezuela, See further lists of wine-growing countries below Africa. Asia. Europe. New world. tropics and USA, as well as under Wine production volumes,