The northern area of the Italian double region Trentino-Alto Adige; is the southern area Trentino, The Italian name is Alto Adige. It corresponds geographically to the Autonomous Province of Bozen (Italian Bolzano). The Rhaeto-Romans laid here already 1000 BC. The first vineyards, making South Tyrol one of the oldest German-speaking wine-growing regions. Here the Romans of the Celts learned the use of wooden wine barrels for storage and transportation. In the Middle Ages, viticulture flourished. The German emperors, who moved to Rome for their coronation, got to know and appreciate South Tyrolean wine on their travels. A decline took place from the end of the 19th century as in many other wine-growing areas phylloxera and mildew, Due to the connection of South Tyrol to Italy after the First World War in 1919, the northern sales markets were lost. After the loss of quality in the 1980s by marketing mass wines there was now a connection to top quality again.
The vineyards cover 5,500 hectares of vineyards. They are mainly located at 500 to 1,000 meters above sea level on the slopes and hills in the Adige Valley (Valdadige) between Meran (Merano) and Salurn (Salorno) and in the Isarco Valley between Bozen (Bolzano) and Brixen (Bressanone), with smaller cultivated areas in the Vinschgau , formerly also Vintschgau (Valle Venosta). At the bottom of the valley are only the Lagrein area of Gries (San Quierino) and the white wine area of Salurn. In the Adige Valley, most of the soils consist of gravelly alluvial gravel, on the slopes of weathered rubble with a high proportion of lime. There is a continental climate with warm summers and cold winters with relatively large temperature fluctuations. There are two DOC areas:
South Tyrol (also South Tyrol) - Alto Adige (also dell'Alto Adige)
The DOC area covers the entire region of South Tyrol. There are also six subzones that can be listed on the label in German and / or Italian:
There are many small winegrowers, mostly in one of the many Winzergenossenschaften are organized with around two thirds of the production. Known companies are Waldgries residence. Arunda Reiterer. Baron Di Pauli. Bergmannhof. Bessererhof. Brigl. Brunnenhof Mazzon. Cantina Caldaro (Kaltern winery), Carlotto. Castelfeder. Castel Sallegg. Dipoli Peter. Ebnerhof. Egger-Ramer. Eisack Valley winery. Elena Walch - Castel Ringberg & Castelaz. Erbhof Unterganzner. Garlider. Glögglhof. Griesbauerhof. Gummerhof. Gump yard. Haas Franz. Haderburg. Happacherhof. Kandlerhof. Winery at the Salurner Klause. Andrian winery. Bolzano winery. Girlan winery. Kurtatsch winery. Merano winery. Terlano winery. Tramin winery. K. Martini & Son.
Kobler Armin. Köfelgut - Martin Pohl. Kornell. kössler. Lageder Alois. Larcherhof - Spögler family. Laimburg. Lieselehof. Loacker Schwarhof. H. Lun. manincor. Maso Thaler. Messnerhof. Muri-Gries. Nals Margreid. Niedermayr Josef. Niedermayr Thomas Hof Gandberg. Niklaserhof. Obermoser - Heinrich & Thomas Rottensteiner. Pfannenstielhof. Pichler Thomas. Plonerhof - Erhard & Herta Tutzer. Popphof. Pranzegg - Martin Gojer. ritterhof. Peter Sölva & Sons. Pfitscher. Rottensteiner Hans. Schmid-Oberrautner. Schreckbichl. Stachlburg. St. Michael-Eppan. St. Paul's winery. Tiefenbrunner. Unterhofer. Unterortl. Weger Josef. Zöhlhof - Josef Unterfrauner and Zollweghof - Franz Pfeifhofer, Many of them are members of the Free wine growers in South Tyrol,