The northern area of the Italian double region Trentino-Alto Adige; the southern area is Trentino, The Italian name is Alto Adige. It corresponds geographically to the Autonomous Province of Bolzano (Italian Bolzano). The Rhaeto-Romans put here already 1,000 BC. BC, the first vineyards, South Tyrol is one of the oldest German-speaking wine regions. Here the Romans of the Celts learned the use of wooden wine barrels for storage and transport. In the Middle Ages, viticulture reached its peak. The German emperors, who moved to Rome for their coronation, got to know and appreciate the South Tyrolean wine on their travels. A decline took place from the end of the 19th century as in many other wine regions phylloxera and mildew, Due to the connection of South Tyrol to Italy after the First World War in 1919, the northern sales markets were lost. After the quality losses in the 1980s through marketing of mass wines There was again the connection to top qualities.
The vineyards cover 5,500 hectares of vineyards. They are mainly in 500 to 1,000 meters above sea level on the hillsides and hills in the Adige Valley (Valdadige) between Merano (Merano) and Salurn (Salorno) and in the Eisacktal between Bolzano (Bolzano) and Bressanone (Bressanone), with smaller acreages in Vinschgau , formerly also Vintschgau (Valle Venosta). At the bottom of the valley are only the Lagrein area of Gries (San Quierino) and the white wine area of Salurn. In the Adige Valley, most of the soils consist of gravel alluvial gravel, on the slopes of weathered boulders with high lime content. There is a continental climate with warm summers and cold winters with relatively large temperature fluctuations. There are two DOC areas:
South Tyrol (also South Tyrol) - Alto Adige (also dell'Alto Adige)
The DOC area covers the entire region of South Tyrol. There are also six subzones that may be listed on the label in German and / or Italian:
There are many small winegrowers, mostly in one of the many Winzergenossenschaften with about two thirds of the production are organized. Well-known companies are Ansitz Waldgries. Arunda Reiterer. Baron Di Pauli. Bergmannhof. Bessererhof. Brigl. Brunnenhof Mazzon. Cantina Caldaro (Winery Caldaro), Carlotto. Castelfeder. Castel Sallegg. Dipoli Peter. Ebnerhof. Egger-Ramer. Eisacktal winery. Elena Walch - Castel Ringberg & Castelaz. Erbhof Unterganzner. Garlider. Glögglhof. Griesbauerhof. Gummerhof. Gump Hof. Haas Franz. Haderburg. Happacherhof. Kandlerhof. Winery at the Salurner Klause. Winery Andriano. Winery Bolzano. Winery Girlan. Winery Cortaccia. Winery Meran. Winery Terlano. Winery Tramin. K. Martini & Son. Kobler Armin. Köfelgut - Martin Pohl. Kornell. kössler. Lageder Alois. Larcherhof - family Spögler. Laimburg. Lieselehof. Loacker Schwarhof. H. Lun. manincor. Maso thaler. Messnerhof. Muri-Gries. Nals Margreid. Niedermayr Josef. Niedermayr Thomas Hof Gandberg. Niklaserhof. Obermoser - Heinrich & Thomas Rottensteiner. Pfannenstielhof. Pichler Thomas. Plonerhof - Erhard & Herta Tutzer. Popphof. Pranzegg - Martin Gojer. ritterhof. Peter Sölva & sons. Pfitscher. Rottenstein Hans. Schmid-Oberrautner. Schreckbichl. Stachlburg. St. Michael's Appiano. St. Paul's winery. Tiefenbrunner. Unterhofer. Unterortl. Weger Josef. Zöhlhof - Josef Unterfrauner, Many of them are members of Free winegrowers South Tyrol,