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space measurements

The metrical system is based on all worldwide valid surfaces Dimensions, In addition, in many European countries, some very old measures are still in use. In viticulture in Europe are usually hectares (Hectar), in the Anglo-American area mostly Acres for the size of vineyards common. The old measures used to be based on the use of land. The names or hectare Sizes were due to labor - whether a vineyard dug up, sown or plowed a field, or a meadow was mowed. The area that a man could pierce with a spade on a vineyard in one day yielded a grave. The morning and the yoke were the size of arable land that could be plowed up one morning. A daymah or man's maiden corresponded to the area a mower managed to mow in one day.

In addition to the workload, seed and harvest were also used as a criterion for area determination. In the case of fields, it was the amount of seed given by a measure (Metzen, Mutt, Star), in the case of meadows it was the yield unit (Fuder, Heufuder). The area sizes were often different and differed from region to region. They were not exact sizes, but rough approximations. Even within one country, there was no great need for standardization, as basic traffic was handled locally. It was not until the end of the 18th century that precisely measured sizes were introduced on the basis of standard dimensions. Such was the square fathom before the introduction of the metric system.




field 2,250 - 5,530 m² German-speaking area
acre 4,047 m² Anglo-American space
Ar 100 m² metric system
Campo 0.333 ha Northern Italy
Dekária 1,000 m² Cyprus
Graber (Grave, man grave) 540 m² / 577 m² Tyrol, South Tyrol, Vorarlberg
hectare (Ha) 10,000 m² / 100 ares metric system
hooves (King's hooves = 2 hooves) 30 to 60 acres German-speaking area
Jauch 36 ares / 18 ares Tyrol, Vorarlberg, South Tyrol
yoke 5,755 m² German-speaking area
Jugerum (Iugerum) 2,520 m² old Rome
Metzen (Whore) A diversity German-speaking area
morning 2,500 m² German-speaking area
Muttmahl 431 m² / 1,079 m² Tyrol, Vorarlberg, South Tyrol
Ouvrée 4.28 ares = 428sqm France
Square kilometer (km²) 1 million m², 100 ha metric system
Square fan - see fathom 2.9 to 3.6 m² German-speaking area
Starland 720 m² / 1,116 m² Tyrol, Vorarlberg, South Tyrol
stremma 1,000 m² Greece
stroke 2,877 m² (half yoke) German-speaking area
day's work please refer morning German-speaking area
ton 0.39 to 0.55 ha northern Europe
quarter 2,877 m² (half yoke) Austria

See also other measure-related statements under drum types. bottles. capacity measures. units. wine vessels and Wine production volumes (all wine-growing countries with wine and vineyards).

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