Germany is the last country in the EU where one sparkling wine or sparkling wine tax must be paid (as of 2009). It was introduced in 1902 by Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859-1941) to finance the Kaiser Wilhelm Canal (since 1948 the Kiel Canal) and the imperial navy. Their height was then 50 Pfennig per bottle. The effect paid off, because in 1905, 11 million bottles of German sparkling wine taxed. Although the tax was abolished in 1933 as a measure to overcome the economic crisis, but reintroduced in 1939 in the form of a war bonus, especially for the development of the submarine fleet. She has provoked the production of cheapest sparkling wines. The legal text in the official German language is: Summarized, these are sparkling wines in bottles with sparkling wine stoppers fastened by means of a special holding device or having an excess pressure of 3 bar or more attributable to dissolved carbon dioxide at plus 20 ° C and depending on the alcohol content and composition of the position 2204, 2205 or 2206 of the customs tariff. The alcohol content must be at least 1.2% by volume and not more than 15% by volume.
It is therefore not advisable to have one Perlwein with one by one Agraffe (Casket) secured champagne corks to close, because then the sparkling wine tax is due regardless of the carbon dioxide overpressure. In addition to sparkling wines (sparkling wine, champagne) is a similar excise tax incidentally synonymous for so-called intermediate products as Madeira. port wine and sherry, A 0,75 l bottle of sparkling wine is taxed under 6% vol alcohol content with € 0,38 and from 6% vol with € 1,02. The revenue from sparkling wine tax in Germany amounts to about 450 million euros per year, which is understandable the desire of the Minister of Finance.
In Austria, this tax was shut down as of April 1, 2005, the most recently denominated € 1.44 per liter. But it was only shut down to be able to reintroduce it at any time. This was done for economic reasons, because sales of sparkling wine had fallen by 10% per year and the proportion of tax-free Frizzante has risen from abroad. In Austria, the base wines come almost 100% from their own country. In Germany, however, up to 80% of base wines are imported, mainly from Italy. Finally, in protest of producers who consider this as "discrimination of a product", the tax was re-activated from March 2014 at € 1.00 per bottle.