According to the EU Spirits Regulation, an alcoholic beverage intended for human consumption is special sensory Features and about one alcohol content of at least 15% vol. Exceptions are eggnog and Advokaat with 14% vol. The production takes place differently depending on the category of spirit either directly distillation from naturally fermented products and / or by maceration (Maceration) of vegetable substances in ethyl alcohol ( ethanol ) and / or in distillates. The preparation can also be done by mixing a spirit drink with another spirit, ethyl alcohol, other alcoholic beverages or drinks. All alcoholic ingredients must be of agricultural origin.
Flavorings, sugars and other sweeteners, such as RTK (rectified concentrated grape must), concentrated grape or fresh grape must be added. Furthermore, there are defined maximum quantities for each substance category for certain substances, such as acetaldehyde and acetic acid (Total acid) in the case of any ethyl alcohol used, as well as methanol (different per category). See also in this context under the problem substance ethyl carbamate,
Depending on the base product used (fruits, cereals, fruits, grapes, etc.), alcohol content and production processes, there are different names. The term spirits Today it is only used for a wine distillation product. Colloquially, spirits are often called schnapps However, this name has no legal meaning. At a fire becomes one Mash fermented and the resulting product is distilled. In the case of a spirit (Latin spirit), added alcohol first dissolves the aromas from the fruits or starting product before the distillation takes place.
Spirits categories are for example Aquavit, Bitter, spirits, Genever ( grain wine ) gin. liqueur, Maraschino, fruit fire. rum. brandy. whiskey and vodka, There are names reserved for certain countries. These are for example grappa (Italy) and Zivania (Cyprus) for the pomace brandy. The usual names for this schnapps Marc (France), as well rape but mares (Germany, Austria) are not protected. Other protected names are Korn (Germany or in countries with German as official language), ouzo and Tsipouro (Greece). Besides, there are within EU origin protected Products like Armagnac and cognac from France, Lourinhã from Portugal, Metaxa from Greece as well pacharán from Spain. Well-known spirits from overseas are Pisco from Peru, singani from Bolivia and tequila from Mexico.
There are also different spirits for wine and wine for each type spirits glasses, Complete listings of the numerous vinification measures and cellar techniques, as well as the various wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,