Italian name (spumare = foaming) for a strong pearling produced according to certain quality criteria sparkling wine, A priori is the term Spumante but no quality level or guaranteed origin, It is only through a possible DOC classification that it is certain that it originates from a specific growing area. Italy is a traditional sparkling wine country, because in about 100 DOC / DOCG zones sparkling wine is produced in over 200 varieties from many different grape varieties with different alcoholic strengths and residual sugar quantities. Every year in Italy, the incredible amount of 300 million bottles is produced. A spumante should be at least 3 bars carbon dioxide pressure respectively. It can be expanded from dry to sweet, as well as produced in white, rosé or red. Depending on DOC / DOCG determination is tank fermentation, that is Méthode charmat (Metodo charmat or Metodo martinotti) and / or bottle fermentation (Metodo classico or Metodo tradizionale).
Due to the countless sparkling wines with different production methods and qualities of some Consorzien (Producer associations) avoided the partly derogatory term "spumante". As an alternative, the production method is mentioned in the name to emphasize bottle fermentation. Because only with this is usually optimal Perlfähigkeit achieved in sparkling wine. The name " Talento "Is used by the producer association of the same name. There are also special protected terms for Spumante versions such as "Satén" (silk) at Franciacorta and " Cruasé "(Rosé) for the Oltrepò Pavese Metodo Classico. Only in a few DOC / DOCG regulations is bottle fermentation only allowed. These are Trento Metodo Classico DOC, Franciacorta DOCG, Alta Langa DOC and Oltrepò Pavese Metodo Classico DOCG. Others are Asti (DOCG) Conegliano-Valdobbiadene Prosecco (DOCG) and Lambrusco (several DOC wines). Pearling or foaming wines of lesser quality are considered Frizzante designated.
A detailed description of sparkling wine production with all processing steps is available under the keyword champagne, Complete listings of the numerous vinification methods or cellar techniques, as well as the wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,