Italian name (spumare = foam) for a sparkling wine made according to certain quality criteria Sparkling wine. A priori, the term Spumante is not a quality level or guaranteed origin. It is only through a possible DOC classification that it is ensured that it comes from a certain growing area. Italy is a traditional sparkling wine country, because in around 100 DOC / DOCG zones, sparkling wine is made from many different varieties in over 200 variations Grape varieties with different Alcohol strengths and Residual sugar quantities produced. The incredible amount of 300 million bottles is produced in Italy every year. A spumante should be at least 3 bar Carbon dioxide pressure exhibit. It can be developed from dry to sweet, as well as produced in white, rose or red. Depending on the DOC / DOCG determination, tank fermentation is, that is Méthode charmat (Metodo charmat or Metodo martinotti) and / or Bottle fermentation (Metodo classico or Metodo tradizionale) permitted.
Due to the countless sparkling wines with different production methods and qualities some of them Consorcies (Producer associations) avoided the sometimes derogatory term "spumante". As an alternative, the production method is mentioned in the name to emphasize bottle fermentation. Because only with this is usually optimal Pearling ability reached in sparkling wine. The term " Talento “Is used by the producer association of the same name. There are also special, proprietary terms for Spumante versions such as “Satén” (silk) in Franciacorta and “ Cruase “(Rosé) for the Oltrepò Pavese Metodo Classico. Only a few DOC / DOCG regulations only allow bottle fermentation. These are Trento Metodo Classico DOC, Franciacorta DOCG, Alta Langa DOC and Oltrepò Pavese Metodo Classico DOCG. More are Asti (DOCG), Conegliano-Valdobbiadene Prosecco (DOCG) and Lambrusco (several DOC wines). Sparkling or sparkling wines of lower quality are considered Frizzante designated.
There is a detailed description of the sparkling wine production with all processing steps under the keyword champagne. Complete lists of the numerous vinification methods or cellar techniques, as well as the types of wine, sparkling wine and distillate regulated by wine are under Winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword Wine Law.