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The traditional champagne house in Reims in the northeast of France with the present name G .H. Mumm Champagne was founded in 1827 by the three brothers Habsburg-born Jacobus (1779-1835), Gottlieb (1782-1852) and Philipp Mumm (1779-1835), as well as Friedrich Giesler and G. Heuser from the Rhineland. Initially, the company operated under the name PA Mumm & Co. The "PA" refers to the father of the three brothers, Peter-Arnold Mumm (1733-1797), who had already founded in 1761 a wine trade in the Rhineland in Germany. Initially, there were no own vineyards, but already in the founding year was a large amount champagne exported to Germany, Belgium, England and Russia. Already in 1837 Friedrich Giesler split up and founded his own company. After the death of Gottlieb Mumm in 1852, the partners split up and it resulted in the following two companies in Reims.

G. H. Mumm Champagne - Kellerei Reims / Production 1879

Georges Hermann Mumm, the son of the founder Gottlieb Mumm, founded the company GH Mumm & Co. His cousin Jules Mumm (1809-1863), the son of the founder Jacobus Mumm, now operated under the company name Jules Mumm & Co. However, the now independent two companies remained in close contact with the company Peter Arnold Mumm in Germany. GH Mumm & Co. first brought the existing "Cordon Rouge" brand onto the market in 1875; the name is a tribute to the Legion of Honor. From 1882, the vineyard ownership was gradually increased. Around 1890, the GH Mumm brand became the preferred champagne of European royalty Austria - Hungary. Belgium. Netherlands, Prussia, Denmark. Sweden. Norway and England, as well as the Grand Dukes of Oldenburg and Hesse-Darmstadt.

The sister company Jules Mumm & Co was dissolved by financial problems in 1910. GH Mumm bought parts of it and also acquired the naming rights for the brand "Jules Mumm". The only Mumm company in France was very successful. Georges Hermann von Mumm, who had since become a nobleman, was still a German citizen. At the outbreak of war in 1914, he was arrested and confiscated his company. The business was led by former sales manager Georges Robinet (1869-1953). After the end of the First World War, the company was auctioned in 1918 and became the property of the group "Société Vinicole de Champagne", which was allowed to continue the company name GH Mumm.

Champagne company Mumm in the Rheingau

However, it could not be prevented that Reims born Godefroy Hermann von Mumm (a son of Georges Hermann Mumm) in 1922 in Eltville (Rheingau) founded a sparkling wine company called Mumm & Co. There were many years of trials with the French who wanted to ban the German company from using the name Mumm. Finally, Mumm-Eltville remained victor. As the only edition Mumm Germany may only use the colors black and white in the bottle labeling. In 2001 the company was acquired by Sektmulti Rotkäppchen, which subsequently became the new company name Rotkäppchen-Mumm led. It should be mentioned that the "wine branch" of the German family GH from Mumm (hence with "by") is still family owned.

Champagne company Mumm in Reims

During the time of Robinet in the French Mumm company the name "Cordon Rouge" was forced. The name Mumm was kept in the background, because one feared by the German name paragraph difficulties in France. Between 1940 and 1944 Champagne was occupied by the German Wehrmacht. Immediately after the occupation, Godefroy Hermann von Mumm made his appearance and regarded himself as a legitimate heir. Georges Robinet was dismissed without notice. The new owner led the company very successfully in wartime, but the champagne could of course only limited discontinued, not for example in the US. After the invasion by the Allies and their advance, Godefroy Hermann von Mumm said goodbye to his employees in August 1944 and was subsequently imprisoned in English.

After the war, the company was again taken over by the Société Vinicole de Champagne group, which soon changed its name to GH Mumm & Co., Société Vinicole de Champagne, Successeurs . This has been fully in use for decades label cited. The company was now headed by René Lalou (1877-1973), who had been a member of the board before the Second World War. After his death he was honored with the brand "René Lalou", which is no longer produced today. As a result, there was a strong expansion. Today there are branches or participations in Argentina, Chile, California (Domaine Mumm Napa) and South Africa (Cape Mumm). In 1959 was Perrier-Jouët and in 1985 Heidsieck & Co. Monopolies (later went into possession of Vranken ) accepted. The "Mumm Group" was then sold three times and is since 2005 in the possession of the giant corporation Pernod Ricard,

Production & brands

Today, the company has about 220 hectares of its own vineyards. In addition, 600 contract growers also supply grapes. The standard brand of the house is "Cordon Rouge", which accounts for around 85% of production. Of course, the "rouge" has nothing to do with the color of the wine (because there is no red champagne), but with the typical, for all Mumm products diagonally across the label running and in this case red stripes (band). This vintage champagne will be out of about 45% Pinot Noir, 25% Chardonnay, 20% Pinot Meunier and up to 15% reserve wines older years assembled. He camped for three years yeast, A vintage champagne of the same name is produced only in the best years. A rare version of it is the "Grand Cordon". The "rosé" is assembled from 60% Pinot Noir and 20% each Chardonnay and Pinot Meunier. The sweet "Demi-Sec" dominates with 50% share Pinot Meunier. The brand "Grand Cru" is assembled with the grapes from Grand Cru communities Pinot Noir (60%) and Chardonnay (40%).

As Cuvée de Prestige is the Blancs de blanc's "Mumm de Cramant", made from 100% Chardonnay vines from the community Cramant is produced. Every year, about nine million bottles of champagne are produced. Of these, 40% are distributed in France and 60% in over one hundred countries worldwide. The company has traditionally sponsored close relationships with the arts, aviation, motor sports and yachting (Admiral's Cup and Sailing Tour de France). From 2000 to 2015, Mumm was official partner of the Formula 1 races and splashed through it Jeroboam bottle at every award ceremony. Also at ship christenings Mumm is a preferred brand. In the film classic "Casablanca", nightclub owner Rick (Humphrey Bogart) enjoys a Mumm champagne with Ilsa (Ingrid Bergmann). And also in the Asterix episode VI "Tour de France" emblazoned the "red band" on one amphora and is touted as "sparkling drink used in galleys baptism".

Champagne enjoyment in space

In September 2018, "Grand Cordon Stellar" was introduced. With a special bottle and special glasses, it is also possible to enjoy champagne in a state of weightlessness. After leaving a small amount of champagne, a small foam ball forms, which is caught with the glass. Because of weightlessness, the fluid immediately occupies the entire interior of the mouth and enhances the taste sensations. In the video (click to view) this is shown vividly. The champagne is to be offered in future space missions and in commercial spaceflight flights.

Picture left : CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Picture right : from the book "Wines of the World -
Characterized & Classed by Henry
Vizetelly "(1875)

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