The red variety is a complex interspecific new breed between Elmer Swenson 193 ( Minnesota 78 x Seneca ) x Elmer Swenson 283 (ES 114 x Seyval blanc ). Synonyms are Elmer Swenson 242, ES 242 and Sainte Croix. They are genes of Vitis labrusca. Vitis lincecumii. Vitis riparia. Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera contain. The intersection of hybrid took place in 1983 by the breeder Elmer Swenson (1913-2004) near Osceola (US state Wisconsin ). By the way, with the same parents is also the new breed Sabrevois emerged. St. Croix was crossing partner in the two new breeds Chisago and Pionnier,
The early to mid-seasoning vine is moderately prone to both mildews and Botrytis but extremely hardy to minus 35 ° Celsius. It yields mild, tanninarme red wines without Foxton as well as flavors tobacco and smoke, which are mainly used as a blend. She will also for Tafeltraubent used. The variety is grown in Quebec / Canada, as well as in the US states Illinois (6 ha), Indiana. Iowa (12 ha), Minnesota (7 ha) and Pennsylvania grown. In 2010 were in the United States 25 hectares of vineyards (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)