The red grape variety probably comes from Austria. There are around 40 Synonyms, the most important alphabetically grouped by country are Saint Laurent, Schwarze Lorenztraube, Schwarzer ( Germany ); Saint Laurent ( France ); Blue St. Laurent, Laurenzitraube, Saint Laurent, Saint-Lorentz, Sankt Laurent ( Austria ); Svätovavrinecké ( Slovakia ); Lovricanka, Lovrijenac, Sentlovrenka ( Slovenia ); Svatovavřinecké, Vavrinak, Vavřinecké ( Czech Republic ). The place St. Laurent in Médoc but has no connection with the vine, as was already the case with the ampelograph Victor Vermorel (1848-1927) suspected. Probably none of the other places called St. Laurent or similar was the namesake. St. Laurent is probably derived from the saint Laurentius and its memorial day from August 10th and refers to the start of ripening.
The Baumann brothers' tree nursery in Bollwiller in Alsace introduced the variety from Austria to Alsace in the early 19th century. The German wine pioneer Johann Philipp Bronner (1792-1864) brought them to Germany from France in the middle of the 19th century. For this reason, in some sources this is also a possible origin Alsace called. According to Dr. Ferdinand Regner ( Klosterneuburg , Lower Austria) DNA analysis is probably a descendant of Pinot or a Pinot-like variety. From the Swiss biologist Dr. José Vouillamoz if this is doubted, who thinks it could be the independent Pinot Saint-Laurent. The vine was a cross partner of the new varieties André. Ariana. baron. Cabernet carbon. Laurot. Neronet. prior. rondo and Zweigelt,
The not too late ripening, somewhat unprofitable vine is resistant to wintry ones frost but susceptible to Verrieseln. Botrytis and wrong mildew, It produces deep dark, velvety red wines with medium tannin and sour cherry aroma, as well as good aging potential. In Germany in 2009, she occupied a total of 657 hectares mainly in the growing areas palatinate and Rheinhessen, In Austria it is represented in all growing areas and occupied a total of 778 hectares in 2009. In both countries, the population has almost doubled in the past ten years. There were other larger acreages in Czech Republic (1,291 ha) and in the Slovakia (939 ha). In 2010, the variety occupied a total of 3,665 hectares of vines with a rapidly increasing trend (ten years earlier it was 2,370 hectares). It documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 129.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)