The red grape variety comes from Northern Macedonia (crna = black). Synonyms are Gradesh, Stanouchina, Stanušina Crna, Stanušina Grades, Stanušina Tikveško, Strnušina, Tikvesko and Tikvesko Crno. The parentage is unknown. The late-ripening, high-yielding vine is resistant to fungal diseases as well as suitable for lime soils. There is also one against millerandage susceptible, unsustainable low-grade variety called Stanušina Rehuljava (rehuljava = irregular), which is often grown in the mixed set with the better quality Crna. A green-berry, low-acid mutation is Stanušina Zelena (zelena = green).
The variety Stanušina Crna yields red wines of simple quality with moderate alcohol content, Usually she will not unmixed but used as a blending partner for reds and rosé wines. It comes from the area Tikveš in the center of the country, from which also derives the synonym Tikvesko. Similar to the variety Ohridsko Crno It played an important role in the past, but is now grown only in small quantities. In 2010, however, no stocks were reported (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)