The red grape variety comes from Northern Macedonia (crna = black). Synonyms are Gradesh, Stanouchina, Stanušhina Crna, Stanušina Grades, Stanušina Tikveško, Strnušina, Tikvesko and Tikvesko Crno. The parentage is unknown. The late-ripening, productive vine is resistant to fungal diseases as well as well suited for limestone soils. There is also an against millerandage vulnerable, unprofitable inferior variety called Stanušina Rehuljava (rehuljava = irregular), which is often grown in a mixed set with the better quality Crna. A green berry, low acidity mutation is Stanušina Zelena (zelena = green).
The Stanušina Crna variety produces red wines of simple quality with moderate alcohol content, As a rule, it will not unmixed, but used as a blending partner for red and rose wines. It comes from the Tikveš area in the center of the country, from which the synonym Tikvesko is derived. Similar to the variety Ohridsko Crno it used to play an important role, but is now only grown in small quantities. However, no stocks were shown in 2010 (Statistics Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)