The steepness of vineyards is given in percent or degrees. However, the values given in many sources are often incorrect due to incorrect information or confusion between percent and degree. At 45 ° this is 100%; in contrast, 45% are only 24 °. The not possible 100 ° (overhang) would result in arithmetically 567%. A Tilt of 90 ° corresponds to a vertical wall. The real maximum values of vineyards are around 75 ° (373%). in the Steep vineyards in extremely steep slopes is often not a conventional mechanical management, but only laborious manual work with the help of special equipment. The vineyards are usually in there terraces with retaining walls and stairs. For the most part only possible manually Weingarten Care cable pull or special crawler vehicles must be used. Often there are traditional ones on such vineyards educational systems as the Single pile education (Moselle pile education) common. Spraying is carried out in exposed areas Pesticides with the use of helicopters, as well as the transport of materials, people and grapes at the vintage about Monorackbahnbahnen,
Known steep slope areas in Germany are in the growing areas Ahr. to bathe ( Engelsfelsen ) Franconia ( Kallmuth, Wurzburg stone ) middle Rhine ( Boppard Hamm ) Moselle ( Calmont. Doctor ) Rheingau ( Mount Roseneck. Mount Rottland. Schlossberg mountain. Höllenberg ) and Wuerttemberg in the Neckar valley ( Zuckerle ). In Austria are such in the südsteiermark in the Sausaltal and in the Wachau (Lower Austria). And in the Switzerland they come in the two cantons Vaud (Chablais, Lavaux) and Wallis ( Visperterminen ) in front.
The most famous steep slopes in France are in Alsace (in the Grand Cru location Rangen ), as well as at the Rhone in the appellations Condrieu. Cornas. Côte Rôtie and Hermitage, In Italy count areas in the Ligurian area Cinque Terre, in the aosta Valley, in the Piedmont, in South-Tirol and in the Lombardy area Valtellina; in Portugal in the port wine area Douro; as in Spain in the area Priorato to.
See also under the keywords largest wine region / vineyard. highest vineyard. smallest vineyards & vineyards. northernmost vineyard and southernmost vineyard as well as regarding superlatives in viticulture under Records, A list of keywords relevant to vineyards can be found at vineyards contain.