Popular name for single layers in German-speaking countries, especially in Germany, The name is probably mostly due to a stony vineyard soil.
This single layer is certainly the most famous and well-known stone. Wines from the legendary "Würzburger Stein" have been known for many centuries under the name "Steinwein". Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) loved this wine. In this regard, he wrote to his wife Christiane: "No other wine wants to taste me and I am annoyed when I miss my favorite drink" . He did not mention any grape variety, so it could have been a Silvaner or a Riesling, but in theory it could have been another variety. A sweet Würzburg stone from 1540 was probably that too oldest wine who was ever drunk and was edible. The year was so extraordinarily hot that the Rhine dried up and could be crossed on foot. The wine was made from overripe grapes, kept in a barrel for a very long time and only bottled in the 17th century. The last of these were owned by King Ludwig I of Bavaria (1786-1868). The London wine dealer Ehrmann bought them at one auction,
One of these bottles with the then 421 year old wine was served in London in 1961 to a select group of wine connoisseurs, including the journalist Hugh Johnson, As a mood, a Rüdesheimer from 1857 and a Johannisberger opened from 1820, both wines were completely dead and spoiled and no longer drinkable. This left little hope for the Würzburger Stein, which was opened as the third bottle and the highlight of this special tasting. But then there was a surprise, as Johnson writes. The ancient wine was brown in color and madeira-like, but it was drinkable. However, you could only enjoy two small sips, then the wine was closed within a few minutes due to air contact vinegar, In the basement of the famous Bürgerspital stores the very last bottle well protected.
The vineyard, which is mostly south to south-southeast and partly west-northwest, extends in a shell shape above Würzburg at 210 to 300 meters above sea level Tilt from 30 to 75%. In some areas it is one of the steepest vineyards Germany. The areas cover 85 hectares on soils made from weathered shell limestone with mostly clayey-loamy and in some places humus-rich fine soils. The climate is hot, almost Mediterranean; the strong sunlight is reflected by the light floors. Here are mainly the varieties Sylvaner and Riesling, as well as Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ) Scheurebe. Traminer and Müller-Thurgau cultured. A shrine capable of stating that in 1665 the Abbot Alberich Degen (1625-1686) from the Roman Catholic Order of Cistercian planted the Silvaner here. The majority share one third each of the wineries Bürgerspital. Juliusspital and State Court Cellar Wuerzburg, Smaller plots also belong to other companies such as Reiss Christian and Am Stein Winery,
The best parcel or "fillet piece" is the sole owner of the Bürgerspital the area named as harp in the central part of the Stein layer. The section located at 210 to 250 meters above sea level with 50 to 60% in the upper part and 30 to 50% slope in the lower part comprises almost eight hectares of vineyards on the same soil. This area is divided diagonally by an ascent, the Red Cross Paths, so that it has the shape of an upside down harp. The vineyard rows represent the strings of the harp. The name harp or earlier “harp” first appeared in the second half of the 17th century.
The to the southwest to west and on won in the village of Stetten south-east facing vineyard in 230 to 280 meters above sea level with 10 to 50% slope inclines 35 hectares of vineyards. The centerpiece is around 80 meters above the Main in a semi-circular mountain cut. The best area is the impact slope with the Loch, Rosstal and Stein troughs. The shallow floors consist of skeleton-rich shell limestone in the upper area and foam lime benches in the lower area. The top soil is barren and forces the vines to develop roots that penetrate deep into the shell limestone. The Silvaner and Riesling varieties are cultivated here in particular. Shares have z. B. the wineries Soon on. Courtier Klaus. Am Stein Winery and Winegrower family Koch,
There are further individual layers called stone in the municipalities or growing areas of Bechtheim (Rheinhessen), Hochheim and Wicker (Rheingau). There are also the individual locations Am Hohen Stein in the municipality of Rittersheim (Palatinate), Heiß Stein in the municipality of Buchbrunn (Franconia), and Im Stein in the municipality of Karlstadt (Franconia). In the Moselle growing region there is a large area called Vom hot stone. Stone is included as a component in many other names. These include Steinbach. Steinberg. stone Buck. Steingrube. Steinkopf and stone Masters,