The Austrian Esoteriker and philosopher Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (1861-1925) founded anthroposophy. This spiritual worldview combines various elements of German idealism (Immanuel Kant), the worldview Johann Wolfgang Goethe, the Gnosis, Far Eastern teachings, and scientific knowledge of their time. The term anthroposophy encompasses the areas of education / curative education (Waldorf school), medicine, agriculture (biodynamic agriculture), movement art, religion and finance. Anthroposophy strives to understand and recognize the world and human beings as "multidimensional beings" and claims to supplement the modern, predominant "materialistic world view" with a "spiritual view" of the supersensible.
Rudolf Steiner chose the term “anthroposophy” in contrast to what he understood by “anthropology”: the latter dealt with what man can experience about the world through his senses; the former, on the other hand, is the “knowledge of the spirit man” and extends to everything that he can perceive in the “spiritual world”. In the 1920s, some farmers and landlords who had a positive affinity for Steiner's ideas asked him to provide suggestions for a new orientation in agriculture. They felt that the food tasted less good than that of childhood. With grain and other crops, a decrease in vitality and quality can be noticed.
This feeling was created at a time when mineral fertilization With nitrogen was first taken up and slowly but gradually the mass production of food developed. The Biodynamic viticulture is based (also) on the ideas of Rudolf Steiner. See also under the topic Bio Austria (Umbrella organization of Austrian organic associations) and regarding the principles and the different ecological Production forms under Organic (ecological) viticulture,