The Austrian Esoteriker and philosopher Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (1861-1925) founded anthroposophy. This spiritual world view combines various elements of German Idealism (Immanuel Kant), the Weltanschauung Johann Wolfgang Goethe, the Gnosis, Far Eastern teachings, as well as scientific knowledge of their time. The term Anthroposophie covers the areas of life pedagogy / special education (Waldorf school), medicine, agriculture (biodynamic agriculture), movement art, religion and finance. Anthroposophy strives to understand and recognize the world and man as "multidimensional beings" and claims to supplement the modern, prevalent "materialistic world-view" with a "spiritual view" of the supersensible.
Rudolf Steiner chose the term "anthroposophy" in contrast to what he meant by "anthropology": the latter dealt with what man could experience about the world through his senses; The former, on the other hand, is the "knowledge of the spiritual man," and it extends to everything that he can perceive in the "spiritual world." In the 1920s, some farmers and landowners, who were in a positive way close to Steiner's ideas, asked him for inspiration to reorientate agriculture. They had the feeling that the food tasted less good than that of childhood. With cereals and other crops, a decrease in vitality and quality is noticeable.
This feeling came about just at a time when the mineral fertilization With nitrogen was first picked up and slowly but increasingly developed the mass production of food. The Biodynamic viticulture is (also) based on the ideas of Rudolf Steiner. See the topic complex also under Bio Austria (Umbrella organization of Austrian organic federations) and regarding the principles and the various ecological Production forms under Organic (organic) viticulture,