Winegrowing area (District) in South Africa to the Coastal region belongs. It is bounded by the Helderberg with the city of Somerset West in the south and Simonsberg in the northeast. There are the Seven Wards Banghoek, Bottelary, Devon Valley, Jonkershoek Valley, Papegaaiberg, Polkadraai Hills and Simonsberg-Stellenbosch. Stellenbosch is named after the city 50 kilometers east of Cape Town. This was founded in 1679 by the second Dutch governor Simon van der Stel (1639-1712) founded and named after him; the name means something like "Stel's bush". Stellenbosch is now considered the South African wine capital. Here is the Wine & Spirits Board (State Wine Control Authority), an agricultural college for the education of South African winemakers and the Oenoligical and Viticulturual Reserach Institute "Nietvoorbij" with experimental vineyards and laboratories, where the tastings for the classification of "Wine of Origin" occur.
In the city is also the headquarters of Stellenbosch Farmer's Winery, Noteworthy is the wine route that leads through the subregions Greater Simonsberg, Stellenbosch Mountain, Helderberg, Stellenbosch Hills and Bottelary Hills. The lovely hill country is one of the most scenic areas in South Africa. In the west there is sandy soil and in the east weathered granite. The vineyards cover 17,117 hectares (2009). They are two-thirds with the red wines Cabernet Sauvignon, Shiraz ( Syrah ) Merlot. Pinotage. Cabernet Franc. Pinot Noir and Cinsault, as well as one third with the white wine varieties Sauvignon Blanc. Chenin Blanc. Chardonnay. Colombard. Sémillon and hanepoot ( Muscat d'Alexandrie ) planted. There is also sufficient rainfall here in the summer months, so unlike most other wine regions in South Africa, there is hardly any artificial one irrigation required. The climate influenced by the nearby Atlantic Ocean is particularly suitable for red varieties, so Stellenbosch is considered the red wine region of South Africa.
Among the most famous wineries in the area Stellenbosch count Alto Estate, Beyerskloof, Clos Malverne, Delaire, De Toren, De Trafford, Distell, Dornier, Eikendal, Ernie Els, Ken Forrester, Grangehurst, Hartenberg Estate, Jordan, Kanonkop Estate. canoe. Le Bonheur Wine Estate, Lievland Estate, Meerlust Estate, Meinert, Morgenhof. Mulderbosch. Neil Ellis. Neethlingshof Estate Overgaauw, Rust and Vrede Estate. Rustenberg. Saxenburg. Simonsig, Stark-Condé, Stellenzicht. Thelema Mountain, Tokara, Uiterwyk Estate, Vegenoegd Wine Estate, Vergelegen, Vlottenburg, Vriesenhof. Warwick Estate, Waterford, Welmoed, Zevenwacht and Zonnebloem.