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stemming

destemming (GB)
égrappage, éraflage (F)
diraspare (I)
despalillar, desraspar (ES)
desengaçar (PO)

Term (also de-clipping, reeling) for removing the grape skeleton (rapping) or loosening the berries from the grapes, This is to prevent the taste unpleasant, especially in green grape stems tannins in the grape reach. In earlier times, the majority of the grapes were processed as a whole because the manual removal of the stems was too tedious and time-consuming. A "G'rebelter (wine)" used to be colloquially a special quality in Austria. There is also a “Wienerlied”, which is popular with the this year (Buschenschank) in Wien is sung (but he must be angry).

Stripping - two stripping machines

In modern viticulture, stripping is not an exception, but the rule. In the White wine is almost always at the Red wine production largely peeled off. At the beginning of the 19th century, mechanical devices such as the Abbeermaschine (Rebler) and the Grape Mill (Pinch Mill) were invented. With mechanical de-barking, the grapes are conveyed by a spiked roller through a grid drum, where the berries fall through. Only then does the squeeze Traubenmühle, Some of these two devices are also switched in combination, alternatively one of the processes is also omitted.

Any unnecessary mechanical strain on the grapes should be avoided if possible, as this leads to increased turbidity. Therefore, the need to peel off must be carefully considered. With a machine vintage the berries are beaten from the grape skeleton and the leaves and stems are removed using a blower. The usual for red wine maceration the stems are always removed. In certain cases, however, no stripping occurs during the red wine production. That is with one Whole cluster fermentation the case as in the techniques Maceration carbonique and Maceration semi-carbonique is common. Likewise, stay ahead of a special form of pressing - the whole grape pressing - the grapes whole and intact.

Strawberries - crushed berries (mash)

Another criterion is the condition of the grapes. Fully ripe grapes in predicates have woody grape stems. Because of this tannins are neutral, no stripping is required. This also applies to botrytized (rotten) grapes because the dried berries are difficult to detach from the stems. Stripping - yes or no:

All tools, works, techniques and measures in the vineyard during the growth cycle can be found at Weingarten Care, Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the wine, sparkling wine and distillate types regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,

Abbeeren - Rebler (Abbeermaschine) - Weingarten am Wilhelminenberg in Vienna
Abbeermaschine and grape grinder: © Diemme Enologia
Weinbeeren : Von Mpmpmp - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Abbeermaschine Wilhelminenberg: © Alfred Deak - Wien

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