The red variety (also New York 12-696) is an interspecific new breed between Wayne ( Mills x Ontario x Sheridan ( Herbert x Worden ). They are genes of Vitis labrusca and Vitis vinifera contain. The intersection of hybrid took place in the USA in 1825 by the breeders Richard Wellington and GD Oberle. The vine was named after the very popular in the US German-American General Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben (1730-1794), who served as a Prussian officer under Frederick the Great (1712-1786). In 1777 he went to America and was from 1778 to 1784 in the Revolutionary War the Inspector General of George Washington's (1732-1799) Army. The variety was crossing partner in the two new breeds Corot Noir and Noiret,
The medium to late ripening, abundant vine is prone to black rot, but generally good resistant to many vine diseases and frost to minus 29 degrees Celsius. She produces wines with subtle Foxton that are sold as rosé or bright white wines ( Blanc de noirs ) to be produced. But it is mainly for the Tafeltrauben- and Grape juice production used. The variety is in the east and midwest of the USA is widely used and is for example in the states Illinois. Indiana (10 ha), New Hampshire, Iowa (3 ha), new York (8 ha) and Pennsylvania (18 ha) cultivated. In 2010, 39 hectares of vineyards were expelled (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY