The red grape variety (also New York 12-696) is an interspecific new breed between Wayne ( Mills x Ontario ) x Sheridan ( Herbert x Worden ). They are genes from Vitis labrusca and Vitis vinifera contain. The crossing of the hybrid was done in the USA in 1825 by breeders Richard Wellington and GD Oberle. The vine was named after the very popular German-American general Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben (1730-1794), who served as a Prussian officer under Frederick the Great (1712-1786). He went to America in 1777 and was the Inspector General of George Washington's (1732-1799) Army in the Revolutionary War from 1778 to 1784. The variety was a cross partner in the two new varieties Corot Noir and Noiret,
The medium to late ripening, productive vine is susceptible to black rot, but generally well resistant to many vine diseases and frost to minus 29 ° Celsius. It produces wines with a subtle Foxton made as rosé or lightly pressed white wines ( Blanc de noirs ) to be produced. But it is mainly used for Tafeltrauben- and Grape juice production used. The variety is in the east and midwest United States widespread and is used for example in the states Illinois. Indiana (10 ha), New Hampshire, Iowa (3 ha), new York (8 ha) and Pennsylvania (18 ha) grown. In 2010, 39 hectares of vineyards were shown (Kym Anderson ).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images : Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY