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Stone (single layer Germany)

Popular name for individual layers in German-speaking countries, especially in Germany, Most likely, the name is usually due to a stony vineyard soil.

Würzburg (Area Maindreieck) in Franconia

This single location is certainly the most famous and famous stone. Wines from the legendary "Würzburger Stein" have been known for many centuries under the name "Steinwein". Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) loved this wine. In this regard, he wrote to his wife Christiane: "No other wine tastes good to me and I am annoyed when I miss my favorite drink." But he has not mentioned any grape variety, so it could have been a Silvaner or a Riesling but theoretically also another variety. A sweet Würzburger Stein vintage 1540 was probably also the oldest wine that was ever drunk and edible. The year was so extraordinarily hot that the Rhine dried out and could be crossed on foot. The wine was made from overripe grapes, kept in a barrel for a very long time and then bottled only in the 17th century. The last of these were owned by King Ludwig I of Bavaria (1786-1868). The London wine merchant Ehrmann bought her at one auction,

Single layer Würzburger Stein

One of these bottles with the then 421-year-old wine was served in 1961 in London a select circle of wine connoisseurs, including the journalist Hugh Johnson, As an attunement were a Rüdesheimer of 1857 and a Johannisberger Open from 1820, both wines were completely dead and spoiled and no longer drinkable. This left little hope for the Würzburger Stein, which was opened as the third bottle and highlight of this special tasting. But then there was a surprise, as Johnson writes. The ancient wine was brown in color and madeira-like, but it was drinkable. However, you could only enjoy two small sips, then the wine was within a few minutes due to the air contact vinegar, In the basement of the famous Bürgerspital stored well protected the very last bottle.

The mostly south to south-southeast and partly oriented to the west-northwest vineyard extends shell-shaped above Würzburg in 210 to 300 meters above sea level with a Tilt from 30 to 75%. He counts in some areas to the steepest vineyards Germany. The areas cover 85 hectares on soils of weathered shell limestone with mostly clayey-loamy and humic in some places fine soils. There is a hot, almost Mediterranean climate; the strong sunlight is reflected by the bright floors. Here are the varieties Sylvaner and Riesling, as well as Pinot Blanc ( Pinot Blanc ) Scheurebe. Traminer and Müller-Thurgau cultured. A shrine in the position states that in 1665 the Abbot Alberic Degen (1625-1686) of the Roman Catholic Order of the Cistercian planted here the Silvaner. The majority share to one third of the wineries Bürgerspital. Juliusspital and State Hofkeller Würzburg, Smaller parcels also belong to other businesses such as Reiss Christian and Winery Am Stein,

The best plot or "fillet" is the sole possession of Bürgerspital located as a harp named area in the middle part of the situation stone. The lying in 210 to 250 meters above sea level section in the upper part of 50 to 60%, and in the lower part with 30 to 50% slope covers nearly eight hectares of vineyards on the same ground. This area is diagonally divided by an applied ascent, the Red Cross walks, so that it has the shape of an upside-down harp. The vineyard lines represent the strings of the harp dar. The name Harp or earlier "Harpfe" appears first documented in the second half of the 17th century.

Stetten (area Maindreieck) in Franconia

The southwest to west and at won at the place Stetten south-southeast oriented vineyard in 230 to 280 meters above sea level with 10 to 50% slope includes 35 hectares of vineyards. The centerpiece is about 80 meters above the Main in a semi-circular mountain incision. The best area is the impact slope with the holes Loch, Rosstal and stone. The shallow basins consist in the upper area of skeletally rich shell limestone and in the lower area of Schaumkalkbänken. The topsoil is sparse and forces the vines to form deep into the limestone invading roots. Here, especially the varieties Silvaner and Riesling are cultivated. Shares have z. For example, the wineries Soon on. Courtier Klaus. Winery Am Stein and Winegrower family Koch,

Stone - community Stetten

Other communities

Other individual layers called stone exist in the communities or growing areas Bechtheim (Rheinhessen), Hochheim and Wicker (Rheingau). Furthermore, there are the individual layers Am high stone in the community Rittersheim (Palatinate), hot stone in the community Buchbrunn (Franconia), and in the stone in the municipality Karlstadt (Franconia). In the cultivation area Mosel there is a large situation called From the hot stone. In many other names, stone is included as an ingredient. That's among other things Steinbach. Steinberg. stone Buck. Steingrube. Steinkopf and stone Masters,

Picture above: By © Rolf Krahl / (via Wikimedia Commons), CC-BY 4.0 , Link
Picture below: © Ludwig Knoll, Weingut am Stein

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