The state of Styria with the capital Graz is in the southeast Austria, It borders on the federal states Carinthia (SW), Salzburg (W) upper Austria (N), Lower Austria (N) and that Burgenland (O) as well as in the south Slovenia, The Celts started cultivating wine from the fourth century BC. As in all of Central Europe, Kaiser gave here Charlemagne (742-814) new impulses for viticulture. In the Middle Ages, Roman Catholic wine made great contributions to Styrian viticulture church and their monasteries, especially the Rein des Abbey Cistercian Order, In 1406, 535 towns with 6,000 vineyards were documented. In the 16th century, with 35,000 hectares, the area under vines was around eight times as large as today.
The Habsburg man still highly revered in Styria today Archduke Johann (1782-1859) owned a castle in what is now the Schilcher center Stainz, In 1822, he founded a test winery near Marburg, thereby setting the course for quality-oriented viticulture. The archduke had the previously unknown local grape varieties Traminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Silvaner, Riesling and Pinot Blanc planted and new ones education forms try out. He also promoted winemaker training and the hygiene in wine making. The Styrian fruit and wine school was founded in Marburg in 1872. The first director Hermann Goethe (1837-1911) was one of the most prominent winegrowers and ampelographers its time. Today the Styrian winegrowers in the wine growing school in Silberberg trained at Leibnitz.
After the First World War (1914-1918), the provisions of the Versailles Treaty affected a large part of the vineyards Slovenia lost. The Second World War (1939-1945) brought great devastation, since Styria was a battle area in many places. Winegrowing fell and in the early 1960s the area under vines was only around 1,600 hectares. Through targeted promotion of the Styrian state government by means of winegrowing plans with renewal and addition of the vineyards as well as conversion to modern times education forms the vine stock has been increased more than two and a half times to date.
All vineyards are in the south of the state near the border Slovenia, The vineyards are widely scattered and are mainly laid out on steep southern slopes up to 650 meters above sea level (Styrian volcanic region, Ringkogel near Hartberg). Around 70% of the vineyards are partly terracedslopes with a Tilt of more than 26% and are therefore classified as "mountain wine" according to Austrian wine law. The symbol of Styrian viticulture is the Klapotetz, a wind powered device to Schad birds to drive out of the vineyards. The numerous wine routes are worth mentioning. Since 2018 there has also been a "Graz city wine" of revitalized vineyards from the Grazer Kehl mountain.
The climate lies at the intersection of the southern European Mediterranean climate in the west and south, and the Pannonian climate with hot, low-precipitation summers in the southeast. The annual rainfall amounts to 1,200 in the west, but only 800 millimeters in the east. Large temperature fluctuations between day and night in autumn give the wines a variety of aromas. In the southeastern area around Bad Gleichenberg, Kapfenstein, Kloch, Riegersburg and Straden are dominated by soils of volcanic origin with towering Vuklan cones, sandy loams, clays and basalt weathering. In Sausal there is a silicate rock brown earth over mica slate and gneiss. There are slate weathering soils around Fürstenfeld and north of it around Hartberg and Weiz. In the hills of Gamlitz, Shine, Grassnitzberg, Plössnitz, Zieregg and Zoppelberg is found as Opok designated sandy-clay sedimentary rock, mixed with shell limestone.
The Union Wine Styria represents over 750 members, there are also large winegrowers' associations Styrian terroir & classic wineries and Archduke Johann Weine, The wineries are listed among the wine-growing regions. Three-quarters of the way, white wines are produced, which are mostly dry, fresh fruit and slightly aged in alcohol. A special Styrian specialty is Schilcher from the variety Blue Wildbacher,
In 2018, all three were specific wine regions the DAC system introduced without name or wine region changes. The DAC area introduced at short notice in 2017 Schilcherland was replaced by DAC Weststeiermark. With all quality wines must on label the generic wine-growing region of Styria appear; for DAC wines additionally DAC designation, The entire area of the state forms the wine regionSteirerland that are used as indications of origin for Vins serves. The wine-growing areas with the vineyards in 2016 (the values in brackets 2009):
In 2016, the vineyards covered a total of 4,633 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009 with 4,242 hectares, there was an increase of 8%. The proportion of clearly dominating white wine varieties is 77.6%, the proportion of red wine varieties 22.4%. The ranking of the first five varieties remained the same.
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||576||12.4||513|
|Zweigelt||Blauer Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||351||7.6||441|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||329||7.1||216|
|Gray burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||97||12.1||81|
|Traminer||Gewürztraminer, Roter T., Gelber T.||White||70||1.5||81|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rheinriesling||White||63||1.4||76|
|Blue burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||18.3||0.4||17|
|According to sentence white||Styrian mixed set||White||17.4||0.4||28|
|and. white varieties||-||White||237.4||5.1||56|
|and. red varieties||-||red||121||0.6||-|
In 2018, Styria became an origin-oriented one DAC system introduced. All other quality wines have to with the origin Styria, the country wines under the wine-growing region name Steirerland be marketed. In contrast to Burgenland and Lower Austria (where the individual areas were realized one after the other) an overall concept was developed for all three specific wine-growing areas. There is a three tier pyramid of origin of wine. local wine and Ried wine,
The Styrian variety of varieties is taken into account differently (see in the graphic). It remains the same for the regional wine, for the local wine and in some cases also for the Riedenwein different localities depending on the wine-making area leading varieties Are defined. The regional wines may be marketed from March 1, the vineyard wines and the local wines from May 1 of the year following the harvest. The wines from Welschriesling and the Schilcher, which can be marketed from December 1 of the harvest year. There is also an exception for the Styrian Junker, which is traditionally presented in early November.
Graphics: © ÖWM