The province of Styria with the capital Graz is located in the southeast Austria, It borders the federal states Carinthia (SW), Salzburg (W) upper Austria (N), Lower Austria (N) and that Burgenland (O) and to the south Slovenia, The Celts operated as early as the fourth century BC, cultivated viticulture. As in all of Central Europe, there was also an emperor here Charlemagne (742-814) gave new impetus to viticulture. Great services to the Styrian viticulture acquired in the Middle Ages, the Roman Catholic church and their monasteries, especially the Abbey of Rein Cistercian Order, In 1406 already 535 places with 6,000 vineyards were documented. In the 16th century, with 35,000 hectares, the vineyard was about eight times larger than today.
The Habsburgs still highly esteemed in Styria today Archduke Johann (1782-1859) owned a castle in today's Schilcherzentrum Stainz, He founded a trial vineyard near Marburg in 1822, thus setting the course for a quality-oriented viticulture. The archduke planted the previously unknown on the spot grape varieties Traminer, Sauvignon Blanc, Silvaner, Riesling and Pinot Blanc and new education forms try out. In addition, he promoted winegrower training and the hygiene in wine making. In 1872, the Styrian fruit and wine school was founded in Marburg. The first director Hermann Goethe (1837-1911) was one of the most distinguished winegrowers and ampelographers his time. Today, the Styrian winegrowers in the viticulture school in Silberberg trained at Leibnitz.
After the First World War (1914-1918) went through the provisions of the Versailles Treaty, a large part of the vineyards Slovenia lost. The Second World War (1939-1945) brought great devastation, since Styria was in many places combat area. The viticulture suffered a decline and in the early 1960s, the vineyard area was only about 1,600 hectares. Through targeted promotion of the Styrian state government by means of wine plans with renewal and increase of the vineyards and conversion to modern education forms until today, the vine stock has been increased again to more than two and a half times.
All vineyards are located in the south of the state near the border Slovenia, The vineyards are widely scattered and are mainly on steep southern slopes up to 650 meters above sea level (Styria Volcano, Ringkogel Hartberg) created. Around 70% of the vineyards are partly terracedslopes with a Tilt of more than 26% and are thus classified as "mountain vineyard" according to Austrian wine law. The symbol of Styrian viticulture is the Klapotetz, a wind powered device to Schad birds to drive out of the vineyards. Worth mentioning are the numerous wine roads. Since 2018 there is also a "Grazer Stadtwein" of revitalized vineyards of the Grazer Kehl mountain.
The climate lies at the interface of southern European Mediterranean climate in the west and south, as well as Pannonian climate with hot, low-precipitation summers in the southeast. The annual precipitation amounts to 1,200 in the west, but only 800 millimeters in the east. Large variations in temperature between day and night in autumn give the wines a variety of aromas. In the southeastern area around Bad Gleichenberg, Kapfenstein, Kloch, Riegersburg and Straden dominate soils of volcanic origin with towering Vuklean Angels, sandy loams, clays and basalt weathering. In Sausal, there is a silicate rocky brown earth above mica schist and gneiss. Around Fürstenfeld and north of Hartberg and Weiz there are slate weathering soils. In the hill country of Gamlitz, Shine, Grassnitzberg, Plössnitz, Zieregg and Zoppelberg is found as Opok designated sandy-clayey sedimentary rock, mixed with shell limestone.
The Union Wine Styria represents over 750 members who are other major winegrowing communities Styrian terroir & classic wineries and Archduke Johann Weine, The wineries are listed among the wine regions. At three quarters, white wines are produced, which are mostly dry, fresh fruit and easily expanded in alcohol. A special Styrian specialty is the Schilcher of the sort Blue Wildbacher,
In 2018, in all three specific wine regions the DAC system introduced without name or vineyard changes. The short-term introduction of the DAC area in 2017 Schilcherland was replaced by DAC Weststeiermark. In all quality wines must be on label the generic Weinbaugebiet Styria appear; with DAC wines additionally the DAC designation, The entire areas of the state form the wine regionSteirerland, which is used as indication of origin for Vins serves. The vineyards with the vineyards 2016 (in brackets the values 2009):
In 2016, the vineyards covered a total of 4,633 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009 with 4,242 hectares, there was an increase of 8%. The share of clearly dominant white wine varieties is 77.6%, the proportion of red wines 22.4%. The ranking of the first five varieties remained the same.
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||576||12.4||513|
|Zweigelt||Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||351||7.6||441|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||329||7.1||216|
|Gray Burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||97||12.1||81|
|Traminer||Gewürztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||70||1.5||81|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rhine Riesling||White||63||1.4||76|
|Blue Burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||18.3||0.4||17|
|Gem. Set knows||Styrian mixed set||White||17.4||0.4||28|
|and white varieties||-||White||237.4||5.1||56|
|and red varieties||-||red||121||0.6||-|
In 2018 Styria became the origin-oriented DAC system introduced. All other quality wines have to with the ancestry Styria, the land wines under the wine-growing region designation Steirerland be marketed. In contrast to Burgenland and Lower Austria (where the individual areas were realized one after another) an overall concept for all three specific wine-growing areas was developed. There is a three tier origin pyramid with of wine. local wine and Ried wine,
The variety of Styrian varieties is taken into account differently (see in the graph). It remains with the local wine, with the local wine and partly also with the Riedenwein were different depending on wine making local leading varieties Are defined. The area wines may be marketed from 1 March, the vine and the local wines from 1 May of the year following the harvest. An exception are the wines from Welschriesling and the Schilcher, which may be marketed as early as 1 December of the crop year. Likewise, an exception applies to the Styrian Junker, which is traditionally presented in early November.
Graphics: © ÖWM