Preorder or obligation for the purchase of a wine, even before it was bottled or in extreme cases even before the vintage (French sur souche: from the trunk = vine). In English, the term "futures" (analogously for "future trade") is used. One wants to assure oneself thereby of special wines, which are still more favorable than afterwards in the normal wine trade, This is particularly popular in times of strong demand for very good vintages of usually well-known producers. This is especially for the Cru Classé wines of Bordeaux is used for whole vintages, but is increasingly used by other wineries, the so-called Garage wines produce (special wines of not infrequently excellent quality in often smallest quantities). As a prerequisite for pre-order will be professional tastings and wine reviews the young wines even before the bottling carried out.
This trade in extremely young wines (not the keg tasting itself) is referred to in French as "en primeur". The barrel samples (en-Primeur samples) are made by buyers, importers, journalists and degustators. Based on these reports, past experience and also some speculation, it is assumed that the wine will have a quality appropriate to the price. Through the mediation of Courtiers (Brokers) are from the Négociants (Trading houses) the wines taken in the year after the harvest and sold by pre-order. At this time at the latest, the order and payment must be made by the buyer, but the sales tax will be charged only at the time of delivery. The delivery then takes place one to two years later and is called arrivage (Arrival). Six months after production, of course, the quality of the finished wine can not be judged without doubt, but only suspected, so there is a certain risk in subscription purchases. See also below Bordeaux wine trade,