Pre-order or obligation to buy a wine before it has been bottled or, in extreme cases, even before vintage (French: sur souche: from the trunk = vine). The term "futures" is used in English (meaning "future trading"). You want to insure yourself special wines that are also cheaper than afterwards in normal wine trade, This is particularly popular in times of strong demand with very good vintages from generally well-known producers. This is especially for those Cru Classé wines of Bordeaux common for entire vintages, but is increasingly used by other wineries, the so-called Garage wines (produce special wines of not infrequently excellent quality, often in the smallest quantities). Professional tastings and wine reviews of young wines before bottling carried out.
This trade in extremely young wines (not the barrel sample itself) is called “en primeur” in French. The barrel samples (en Primeur samples) are carried out by buyers, importers, journalists and tasters. Based on these reports, past experience and some speculation, it is assumed that the wine will have a quality that is commensurate with the price. By arranging Courtiers (Brokers) are from the Négociants (Trading houses) the wines in the year after the harvest and sold by pre-order. At this point at the latest, the order and payment must be made by the buyer, however the sales tax is only offset upon delivery. The delivery then takes place one to two years later and is considered arrivage Designated (arrival). Six months after production, of course, the quality of the finished wine cannot yet be assessed without any doubt, but only suspected, so there is a certain risk with subscription purchases. See also under Bordeaux wine trade,