One of the three specific wine regions in the Austrian state or generic wine-growing region Styria, The history of viticulture dates back to the fourth century BC. In the monarchy there were at the end of the 19th century in the then so-called Lower Styria still 35,000 hectares of vineyards - that was about 15 times the amount compared to today. But at that time counted in today Slovenia lying areas. The Habsburg Archduke Johann (1782-1859) set the course for the Styrian quality viticulture by founding a trial winery near Marburg. The Pinot Blanc of the today in Slovenia At the time, lying Riede Jerusalem was one of the most sought after white wines in Europe.
The area is divided into an area on the Slovenian border and the Sausal region west of Leibnitz. The Sausal slopes in up to 650 meters above sea level are up to 42 ° (90%) Tilt partly to be managed only with winch. They are among the steepest vineyards Austria. Well-known wine-growing communities are Berghausen, Ehrenhausen, Gamlitz, Heimschuh, Kitzeck (Viticulture Museum), Leibnitz, Leutschach, Silberberg (Viticulture school), playing field, St. Andrä in the Sausal and Sulztal. These are through the South Styrian Wine Route, Sausal Wine Road and Rebenland Wine Road (also Klapotetz wine route ) connected with each other.
Among the best known Rieden count Altenberg, Annaberg, Anzried, mountain court, Czamillonberg, Eckberg, Eichberg, Einöd, Gaisriegl, Gold, Count, Grassnitzberg (with Subrieden Grassnitzberg, Hochgrassnitzberg, Mittelplatsch), Harrachegg, Hochberg, Kaiseregg, Kittenberg, Koregg, Kranachberg (with satisfied Jägersberg, Oberfahrenbach, Rotriegl), Kreuzberg, Langriegel, Nussberg. Obegg Oberglanzberg, Pfarrweingarten. Pössnitzberg (with Subrieden Krepskogel, Römerstein), Schlossberg, Schusterberg, Sernauberg, Sgaminegg, Speiseegg, Steinbach, Stermetzberg, Sulz, Trebien, Wielitsch, Wilhelmshöhe, Witscheinberg and Zieregg,
The climate is characterized by Pannonian and southern European influences. The precipitation amounts are twice as high as in the Burgenland and in Lower Austria, The warm and humid weather favors the spread of Botrytis for the production noble sweet Wines. As soil types dominate slate, sand, marl and lime soil. A sandy-clayey sedimentary rock, often mixed with shell limestone, is called here Opok,
In 2016, the vineyards covered a total of 2,563 hectares of vineyards. Compared to 2009, with 2,340 hectares, this was an increase of 9.5%. The share of clearly dominating white wine varieties is 87.2%, the proportion of red wines 12.8% (Pinot Blanc and Chardonnay were recorded together in 2009 with 487 ha):
| Grape variety - Austrian |
| officially permitted in Austria |
|colour|| hectare |
| % -Ant |
| hectare |
|White Burgundy||Pinot Blanc, Klevner||White||292||11.4||487|
|muscatel||Yellow M., Red M. / Muscat Blanc||White||255||9.9||183|
|Zweigelt||Blue Zweigelt, Rotburger||red||162||6.3||201|
|Gray Burgundy||Pinot gris, Ruländer||White||60||2.3||51|
|White Riesling||Riesling, Rhine Riesling||White||38||1.5||47|
|Traminer||Gewurztraminer, Red T., Yellow T.||White||33||1.3||47|
|Gem. Set knows||Styrian mixed set||White||9.6||0.4||-|
|Blue Burgundy||Pinot Noir, Blue Pinot Noir||red||8.9||0.3||7|
|and white varieties||-||White||121||4.7||55|
|and red varieties||-||red||61||2.4||0|
In 2018 Styria became the origin-oriented DAC system introduced. All other quality wines have to with the ancestry Styria, the land wines under the wine-growing region designation Steirerland be marketed. In contrast to Burgenland and Lower Austria (where the individual areas were realized one after another) an overall concept for all three specific wine-growing areas was developed. There is a three tier origin pyramid with of wine. local wine and Ried wine,
The variety of Styrian varieties is taken into account differently (see in the graph). It remains with the local wine, with the local wine and partly also with the Riedenwein were different depending on wine making local leading varieties Are defined. The area wines may be marketed from 1 March, the vine and the local wines from 1 May of the year following the harvest. An exception are the wines from Welschriesling and the Schilcher, which may be marketed as early as 1 December of the crop year. Likewise, an exception applies to the Styrian Junker, which is traditionally presented in early November.
The area Südsteiermark DAC covers the political district of Leibnitz without the municipalities on the left bank of the Mur river. The local wine-growing communities are Kitzeck-Sausal, Eichberg, Leutschach, Gamlitz and Ehrenhausen. The leading varieties are Sauvignon Blanc (all wine-growing communities), Riesling (Kitzeck-Sausal), Gelber Muskateller (Leutschach, Gamlitz) and Morillon (Ehrenhausen).
Well-known wineries are Episcopal wine cellar Seggau. Brolli-Arkadenhof. Domain Müller. Dreisiebner parent company. Elsnegg Engelbert. Archduke Johann Weine. Felberjörgl. Georgiberg. Big Alois. Harkamp Hannes. Hirschmugl - Domaene on the Seggauberg. Jaunegg Daniel. Kodolitsch. Kögl Tamara. Lackner-Tinnacher. Maitz Wolfgang. Malli Anton. Masser Peter. Melch castle Gamlitz. MUSTER.gamlitz. Pattern Sepp. Polz Erich and Walter. Polz-Kiefer. Pongratz Markus. Potzinger Stefan. Primus. Vineyard Hartmut Aubell. Regele Georg. Reiterer Christian. Repolusk. Rothschädl. Sabathi Erwin. Sabathi Hannes. Sattlerhof. shower. Schilhan Wilfried. Schmölzer. Schnabl Matthias. Schneeberger Johann. Black Hans. Skoff Peter. Skoff Walter. Soll Maria & Johannes. Strablegg-Leitner. Strauss Karl & Gustav. Tement Manfred. Terra Gomeliz. Tscheppe am Pössnitzberg. Tscheppe Andreas. Tschermonegg. Winery Albert - Family Cramer. Werlitsch. Wohlmuth Gerhard and Zweytick Ewald,
Pictures: © ÖWM - Anna Stöcher