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Sultana

The white grape probably comes from the eastern Mediterranean region. Around 130 Synonyms in many languages, the very likely very high age and worldwide distribution of the vine testify. The second main name is Sultanina, which is used in many countries; others are indicated in bold . The main alphabetically grouped by country are Banati, Banati Abiad, Banati Abyad ( Egypt ); Kishmish ( Armenia. Afghanistan ); Sultanina Blanche, Sultana, Sultana Blanche ( France ); Sultana ( Greece ); Sultanina Alba, Sultanina Bianca, Sultana Alba ( Italy ); Sultanina Bela, Sultanina Bijela ( Croatia ); Kismis Alb ( Romania ); Cekirdeksis, Cekirdeksiz, Kismis , Sultani, Sultani Cekirdeksiz, Sultanieh, Sultaniye , Sultaniye Kinalyi ( Turkey ), Fehér Szultanszölö, Szult Szöllö ( Hungary ); Thompson Seedless ( Australia. South Africa. United States ).

The exact origin is in the dark, in various sources, including the countries Afghanistan, Greece, Iran, South Africa and Turkey were suspected. Likewise, the descent (of possibly extinct parents) is unknown. Color found in Afghanistan mutations are Kishmish Sorh (red berries) and Kishmish Siah (black berries). The variety was crossbred for the new breeding of table grape varieties such as Carina. Flame Seedless. Himrod and Romulus, as well as of Keltersorten like Tarrango and Tulillah, Coming from a presumably natural crossing Vasarga Chernaya x Sultana Kishmish Vatkana,

Sultana - grape and leaf

The medium-maturing vine is very susceptible to fungal diseases, The berries are characterized by a relatively high amount of sugar. The best thrives seedless Variety in warm, dry climate. Because they are very good at the plant hormone gibberellin she reacts with it during the blossom sprayed. This causes less, but larger berries by grape. It produces neutral white wines with delicate peach and pineapple flavors. Above all, she is but as table grape and for raisins used. It also serves for the production of RTK (rectified concentrated grape must) and base wines for distillation or production of spirits.

In the Turkey If the variety is widely used for table grapes and raisins, the country is also one of the largest table grapes producers. The vineyard is estimated at about 110,000 hectares. The winery started in the early 1990s Kavaklidere to cultivate the variety in western Anatolia around Denizli and Manisa as a wine grape and to win wines from it. Among other things, she will be in the brand wines Cankaya and Villa Doluca used. In 2010, a total of 1,750 hectares were recorded for wine production in Turkey. More stocks than Keltertraube are there in Australia (430 ha), Mexico (841 ha), Peru (15 ha) and Cyprus (371 ha).

The amounts as a table grape are rough estimates and are given in very different sources in very different ways. In California Around 80,000 hectares are used almost exclusively for raisin production Central Valley used. The strain here referred to as Thompson Seedless was introduced by a William Thompson. Further large stocks of grapes and raisins are available in Australia (~ 6,000 ha), Chile (~ 21,000 ha), China (10,000) Greece (~ 25,000 ha), Iraq (~ 10,000 ha), Iran (~ 50,000 ha), South Africa (9,000 ha) and Syria (~ 12,000 ha). A current total amount as a table grape should therefore be approximately 250,000 hectares.

In 1990, the variety was with a total of 271,828 hectares of vineyards in the world varieties ranking It is, however, very likely that at that time in some countries no difference was made between use as a winepress or table grape. The fact is that the variety has undergone an extreme reduction over the past 20 years due to a lack of quality as a wine grape. For the wine production in 2010 there were only 3,407 hectares, that means the rank 138.

Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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