Popular name (also Super Tuscans or Vini da tavola eccellenti = excellent table wines) for excellent Italian Tafel wines from the Tuscany who often question the narrow DOC limits criticized by these producers. That is, these wines are vinified contrary to the DOC regulations with other grape varieties. Some of them even exceed DOCG wines in terms of quality. By the Italian Minister of Agriculture Giovanni Goria (1943-1994) was in 1992 as part of the subsequently named after him Goria Law Landwein designation IGT (Indicazione Geografica Tipica). This made it possible, as in France, Spain or Germany, to market excellent table wines of controlled origin for a long time. The first attempt in this direction was made in Tuscany by the way in the 1980s with the classification Capitolare given.
The new class IGT prevailed at first very slowly and then became a hit. Most of the wines from Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah and Sangiovese were pure or as Cuvée in Barrique produced. Thus, hitherto unknown central Italian regions in the regions Brands and Umbria, as well as especially Maremma popular in Tuscany. The first super-Tuscans are the red wines created in the early 1970s Tignanello and Sassicaia, Both wines were made by oenologist Giacomo Tachis created, the long years at the winery Antinori worked as a winemaker. As a result, many of the areas have been classified with changed conditions. Incidentally, in Portugal the under Vinho Regional produced Vins often of a similar quality philosophy. With the introduction in 2009 of the EU wine market order the quality level IGT by IGP replaced. See also below Grand Cru and quality system,