This refers to the use of a regenerable system in such a way that this is retained in its essential properties and its stock can be regenerated in a natural way. By ecological Sustainability should preserve nature and the environment for future generations. This includes the receipt of the biodiversity (Biodiversity), the climate Protection, the care of cultural and landscape spaces in their original form and a careful and environmentally friendly treatment of the natural environment. Ideally, sustainability should relate to environmental, economic and social aspects.
The principle of sustainability was first written in 1713 in writing by the electoral Saxon chamber and burr Hans Carl von Carlowitz (1645-1714). The German philosopher Konrad Ott (* 1959) put it this way: "Regenerative living resources may only be used to the extent that stocks regrow naturally" . The international debate on development and environmental policy was significantly influenced by the World Commission on the Environment and Development, set up by the UN in 1983. Sustainability is a principle of action for the use of resources, in which a lasting satisfaction of needs by the preservation of the natural regeneration capacity of the systems involved (especially of living things and ecosystems) is to be ensured. In a broad sense, sustainability means expanding human action not only towards generational justice but also towards global justice.
Exaggerated use of technology and chemistry, as well as a prevalent ignorance of their effects, have made mistakes in the past. Only in the course of a general awareness was gradually counteracted towards ecology, through the implementation beneficial species and environmentally friendly Production methods. Through the use of pesticides or plant care products, fertilizer, but also by high machinery and thus energy and water This is an intensive form of agriculture. The aim of sustainable winegrowing is to conserve resources and produce them with low emissions. This is in the ecologically oriented viniculture Taken into account.
In a holistic view, sustainable viticulture also includes the subsequent processing and distribution chains as well as the consumers. These are essential criteria in the Organic viticulture and similar forms of production like Biodynamic viticulture, In Germany BÖLN (Federal Program Organic Farming and Other Sustainable Agriculture) is a state support program for strengthening and expanding the ecological and sustainable agriculture and food industry. Institutions for the certification of winegrowing labels are amongst others DINE and Fair'n Green, In Austria is Sustainable Austria a seal of quality for sustainably produced wines. In addition, there are also various other labels such. B. FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) to ensure sustainable forest use.
Sources: WIKIPEDIA Sustainability and EWM
Graphic : Johann Dréo derivative work: Sebastian Wallroth , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Carlowitz: Von Unukorno - Own Work, CC BY 3.0 , Link
FSC seal of approval: From User: Gerhard Elsner - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link