This means the use of a regenerable system in such a way that its essential properties are retained and its inventory can be regenerated in a natural way. By ecological Sustainability should preserve nature and the environment for future generations. This includes the preservation of the biodiversity (Biodiversity), the climate Protection, the maintenance of cultural and landscape spaces in their original form and a careful and environmentally friendly handling of the natural environment. Ideally, sustainability should relate to ecological, economic and social aspects.
The principle of sustainability was first formulated in writing in 1713 by the electoral Saxon chamber and ridge Hans Carl von Carlowitz (1645-1714). The German philosopher Konrad Ott (* 1959) put it this way: "Regenerable living resources may only be used to the extent that stocks naturally grow back" . The international debate on development and environmental policy was significantly influenced by the World Commission for Environment and Development set up by the UN in 1983. Sustainability is a principle of action for the use of resources, in which permanent satisfaction of needs is to be guaranteed by preserving the natural regeneration ability of the systems involved (especially living beings and ecosystems). In the broadest sense, sustainability means extending human action not only to intergenerational justice, but also to global justice.
Errors have been made in the past due to excessive use of technology and chemistry, as well as due to a lack of knowledge of their effects. It was only in the course of general awareness raising that countermeasures were gradually taken towards ecology, namely through implementation beneficial species and environmentally friendly Production methods. By using pesticides or plant care products, fertilizer, but also through high machine and thus energy and water this is an intensive form of agriculture. The aim of sustainable viticulture is to conserve resources as far as possible and to produce with low emissions. The will ecologically oriented viniculture Taken into account.
From a holistic perspective, sustainable viticulture also includes the subsequent processing and distribution chains and also the consumers. These are essential criteria in the Organic viticulture and similar forms of production like Biodynamic viticulture, In Germany BÖLN (Federal Program for Organic Agriculture and Other Sustainable Agriculture) is a state funding program to strengthen and expand ecological and sustainable agriculture and food management. Institutions for the certification of quality labels from winegrowing companies are among others DINE and Fair'n Green, In Austria is Sustainable Austria a seal of quality for sustainably produced wines. There are also various other seals of approval such as B. FSC (Forest Stewardship Council) to ensure sustainable forest use.
Sources: WIKIPEDIA sustainability and ÖWM
Graphics : Johann Dréo derivative work: Sebastian Wallroth , CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Carlowitz: Von Unukorno - Own work, CC BY 3.0 , Link
FSC seal of approval: By user: Gerhard Elsner - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link