Term for wines with a high content of unfermented sugar which are pressed from sugar-rich grapes. Optimal climatic conditions exist in many places around the Mediterranean, which is why many of the famous sweet wines Greece. Spain. France. Portugal and Italy come. They have an age-old tradition. Among the most famous ancient wines count the raisin wine passum from Rome as well as the Commandaria from the island Cyprus, In the late Middle Ages sweet wines were immensely popular with European rulers. The Greek port city Monemvasia was a famous hub for sweet specialties of islands in the Aegean as Crete. Paros. Samos and Santorini, The emerging global trade made the Constantia from South Africa, the sweet wines from France and the Tokaj from Hungary known and famous. From the 16th century, expeditions into the newly discovered areas made wines with alcohol durable for the long voyages. This was the beginning of the triumph of Madeira. port wine. sherry and Co.
According to EU Regulation a still wine with at least 45 and a sparkling wine with 50 g / l residual sugar as sweet, For certain sweet wines, the unfermented sugar is still far above that of the Tokaj Eszencia it reaches record levels of 450 g / l and more. Prerequisite are high Mostgewichte or sugar concentration in the berries. These can be highly mature and / or due to the Botrytis caused noble noble or noble sweet Be berries or the grapes are dried in various ways or rosiniert, Examples of the latter are Passito. Recioto and Strohwein, The production methods of the many sweet wines soft z. T. strongly from each other. As a rule, for higher-value products, sugar may only be used before the fermentation for the purpose of enriching (increase the alcohol content), but not later added to increase the sweetness level. But there is also one sweetening by means of grape. concentrated grape must or RTK (rectified concentrated grape must).
As naturally sweet wines (frz. Vin naturellement doux ) are those whose fermentation was terminated in a natural way without human intervention, because the yeasts quit her job, so to speak. These are outbreak. Beerenauslese. Trockenbeerenauslese. Strohwein and Eiswein, In a variety of sweet wines, the alcohol content is through Spriten but this is also a procedure to end the fermentation prematurely. These include versions of Banyuls. Madeira. Malaga. port wine. Samos. sherry. Vin doux naturel. Vinsanto and Vin Santo, These wines can be one alcohol content reach from 15 to 20% vol. Among the most famous producers of sweet wines Château d'Yquem (France), Egon Müller-Scharzhof (Germany) and cracker (Austria).
Please refer to the wine regulations of the flavor from dry to sweet for still wines below sugar content; as well as for champagne or champagne sparkling wine, Complete listings of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as the wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,