Name for wines with a high fermentation content sugar made from grapes rich in sugar. There are optimal climatic conditions for this in many places around the Mediterranean, which is why many of the famous sweet wines are made from Greece. Spain. France. Portugal and Italy come. They have an ancient tradition. The most famous ancient wines count the raisin wine passum from Rome as well as the Commandaria from the island Cyprus, In the late Middle Ages sweet wines were extremely popular at the European rulers. The Greek port city Monemvasia was a famous hub for sweet specialties from islands in the Aegean how Crete. Paros. Samos and Santorini, The emerging global trade did that Constantia from South Africa, the sweet wines from France and the Tokaj known and famous from Hungary. From the 16th century onwards, expeditions to the newly discovered areas made alcohol-based wines durable for long sea journeys. The triumphal march of Madeira. port wine. sherry and Co.
According to EU Regulation a still wine with at least 45 and a sparkling wine with 50 g / l applies residual sugar as sweet, In certain sweet wines, the fermented sugar is still much higher than that in Tokaj Eszencia it reaches record values of 450 g / l and more. Prerequisites are high Mostgewichte or sugar concentration in the berries. These can be mature and / or through the Botrytis evoked, noble rot or noble sweet Be berries or the grapes are dried in various ways or rosiniert, Examples of the latter are Passito. Recioto and Strohwein, The production methods of the many sweet wines give way e.g. T. strongly differ from each other. As a rule, in the case of higher quality products, sugar may only be used before fermentation for the purpose of enriching (increase the alcohol content), but not afterwards to increase the degree of sweetness. But there is also one sweetening by means of grape. concentrated grape must or RTK (rectified concentrated grape must).
As naturally sweet wines (French Vin naturellement doux ) are those whose fermentation has ended naturally without human intervention because the yeasts quit their jobs, so to speak. These are outbreak. Beerenauslese. Trockenbeerenauslese. Strohwein and Eiswein, The alcohol content of a large number of sweet wines is determined by Spriten increased, but this is also a process to end fermentation prematurely. This includes versions of Banyuls. Madeira. Malaga. port wine. Samos. sherry. Vin doux naturel. Vinsanto and Vin Santo, These wines can be one alcohol content reach from 15 to 20% vol. The most famous producers of sweet wines include Château d'Yquem (France), Egon Müller-Scharzhof (Germany) and cracker (Austria).
See the legal requirements for the taste of dry to sweet for still wines under sugar content; as well as for sparkling wine or champagne under sparkling wine, Complete lists of the numerous cellar techniques, as well as the types of wine, sparkling wine and distillate regulated by wine are below winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,