adding sugar in various form to the finished wine with the purpose of the content residual sugar to increase. This must by no means with the enrich (Add to the not yet finished fermented wine to increase alcohol content ) be confused. Colloquially, the terms residual sweetening or Süßreserve used. By the valid from August 2009 EU wine market (GMO) resulted in amended guidelines. Compared to earlier it is no longer differentiated whether the wine to be sweetened was enriched or not. Regardless of this, the provisions apply to fortified and non-fortified wines. The chaptalisation (with beet sugar) is a form of enrichment. The so-called Nasszuckerung (dissolved in water dry sugar, also called gallization) is in Germany and Austria forbidden.
Any sweetening must be reported to the competent authority of the Member State, giving details of the wine to be sweetened, the sweetener and the sweetened wine. It may in principle with all wine levels with grape. concentrated grape must or RTK (rectified concentrated grape must). Both one, two or even all three of these sweeteners can be used. Any restrictions are in the competence of the member states. Sweetening with grape juice, partially fermented grape must or sucrose (Beet sugar) is generally prohibited in all wine types. The total alcoholic strength (present and potential) of the wine may be increased by a maximum of 4% vol (formerly 2% vol).
The sweetening of quality wine, may only be approved by the EU member states under certain conditions. It must be within the region from which the wine originates or in an area in the immediate vicinity of that region (for Austria this means throughout the Federal territory). For wine (formerly table wine ) grape must and concentrated grape must come from the whole EU. At the Wine PGI = country wine they have to come from the winegrowing region and wine PDO = quality wine originate from the wine-growing area as the wine, for the sweetening they are used. For RTK, the entire EU area applies to all wine levels. Specific values are below Germany and Austria; or other countries.
Complete listings of the numerous vinification measures and cellar techniques, as well as the various wine-regulated wine, sparkling wine and distillate types are under the keyword winemaking contain. Comprehensive information on wine law is available under the keyword wine law,