adding sugar in various forms to the finished wine with the purpose of containing residual sugar to increase. This must not be done with the enrich (Add to the not yet fully fermented wine to increase it alcohol content ) can be confused. The terms residual sweetness or are often used colloquially Süßreserve used. The valid from August 2009 EU wine market (GMO) resulted in changed guidelines. Compared to the past, it is no longer differentiated whether the wine to be sweetened was enriched or not. Regardless of this, the provisions apply to fortified and non-fortified wines. The chaptalisation (with beet sugar) is a form of enrichment. The so-called Nasszuckerung (Dry sugar dissolved in water, also called galling) is in Germany and Austria forbidden.
Any sweetening must be reported to the competent authority of the Member State, with details of the wine to be sweetened, the sweetener and the sweetened wine. In principle, it can be included in all wine levels grape. concentrated grape must or RTK (rectified concentrated grape must). One, two or all three of these sweeteners can be used. Any restrictions are within the competence of the member states. The sweetener with grape juice, partially fermented grape must or sucrose (Beet sugar) is generally prohibited for all types of wine. The total alcohol content (present and potential) of the wine may be increased by a maximum of 4% vol (previously 2% vol).
The sweetener of quality wine, may only be approved by the EU member states under certain conditions. It must take place within the region from which the wine in question originates or in an area in the immediate vicinity of this region (for Austria this means throughout the whole of Germany). With wine (earlier table wine ) grape must and concentrated grape must can come from all over the EU. At the PGI wine = country wine they have to come from the wine-growing region and with wine PDO = quality wine come from the wine-growing region like the wine for whose sweetening they are used. The entire EU area applies to RTK at all wine levels. Specific values are below Germany and Austria; or other countries.
Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the various types of wine, sparkling wine and distillate regulated by wine law are under the keyword winemaking contain. There is extensive wine law information under the keyword wine law,