The white grape variety comes from Austria. Well over a hundred Synonyms testify to the old age and the wide distribution of the vine. The most important alphabetically grouped by country are Augustiner White, Franken, Frankenriesling, Großriesling, Grüner Sylvaner, Austrians, Austrian, Roter Silvaner ( Germany ); Gamay Blanc, Picardon Blanc, Silvain Vert ( France ); Sylvaner Verde ( Italy ); Silvanac Zeleni Croatia ); Salfin ( Moldova ); Grüner Zierfandler, Sylvaner, Zierfandler ( Austria ); Gros Rhin, Johannisberg ( Switzerland ); Sylvánské Zelené ( Slovakia ); Zeleni Silvanec ( Slovenia ); Sylvánské Zelené ( Czech Republic ); Bálint, Zöld Szilváni ( Hungary ). Despite seemingly indicative synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties Elbling (White Silvaner), Austro-White or Sauvignon Blanc (Muskat-Silvaner) are confused.
The name was often associated with the Latin "silva" ("forest") or "saevum" (wild) and an origin Wild vines derived. According to already in 1998 by dr. Ferdinand Regner carried DNA analysis but it is a presumably natural cross between the leading variety Traminer (Savagnin Blanc) x Austro-White, In Germany, the variety was first in 1665 as "Östareiche vine" by Alberich Degen (1625-1686), the abbot of Cistercian abbey mentioned in Ebrach in the Franconian Steigerwald. A shrine in the position Würzburger stone says that this year the abbot planted the Silvaner vine.
This designation and the synonym of Austrians in Franconia, which was already used in Austria in 1349, mention of the mother's variety as well as the origin of the fathers from Eastern Austria are very likely to point to an origin of the Silvaner from Austria. This is also the assumption of an origin from Transylvania in today Romania (from which the name should be derived) becomes obsolete. In any case, the variety is one of the oldest European cultural vines. In addition to the Green Silvaner there are red-blue to blue color variants, which as Red Silvaner or Blue Silvaner and are genetically indistinguishable from the Green Silvaner. An alleged one mutation is the sort senator,
From a probably natural crossing blue Zimmettraube x Silvaner is the variety Blue Portuguese emerged. The Silvaner was also an extremely popular crossing partner in many new breeds. That was among other things Bacchus. Breidecker. Bukettrebe. cantaro (1), Diana (1), Ehrenfelser. Forta. Freisamer. Gloria. Grando. Grisette. Hecker. Jo Rizling. chancellor. Kocsis Zsuzsa. fetească regală. Marie Steiner. Morio Muscat. Multaner. Noblessa. Nobling. Optima. Oraniensteiner. Osteiner. Primera. Rieslaner. Silcher and Sissi,
The medium maturing, high yielding vine is sensitive to frost, as well as prone to chlorosis, both mildews and Botrytis, The green-yellow berries have a much more intense flavor than the wine made from it. Because it produces more neutral-tasting white wines with subtle pomaceous notes (usually pear), but above all vegetable flavors that are even more pronounced in old age and often replace the fruity tones completely. Until the early 1990s, she was in Germany even before that Riesling the most common variety. In 2009, however, it occupied only 5,187 acres, mainly in Franconia (classic variety for the im bocksbeutel bottled wine), Rheinhessen and palatinate, In Austria At 43 hectares, it has little significance.
Presumably, the Silvaner was already around 1546 as "Green Fränckisch" in the Alsace available. Because this year he is from the botanist Hieronymus buck (1498-1554) mentioned in his "Kreütter book". Here 1,446 hectares are planted with it. The importance of the variety was underlined in 2005 when it was the only exception to the others for Alsace Grand Cru approved varieties exclusively for the location Zotzenberg was admitted.
Other stocks in Europe exist in the countries Italy mainly in South Tyrol (113 ha), Croatia (139 ha), Moldova (98 ha), in the Switzerland mainly in the canton Wallis (241 ha) under the confusing synonym Johannisberg (because also used for Riesling), Slovakia (117 ha), Czech Republic (122 ha) and Ukraine (70 ha). Overseas, the variety is in small stocks in California. Canada and New Zealand (4 ha). In 2010, it occupied a total of 7,389 hectares of vineyards with a strong downward trend (ten years earlier, there were 11,044 hectares). The Silvaner thus occupies the world varieties ranking the rank 91.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Bruehl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)