The white grape variety comes from Austria. Well over a hundred Synonyms testify to the old age and wide distribution of this vine. The most important, grouped alphabetically by country, are Augustiner Weiß, Bötzinger, Fliegentrau, Franken, Frankenriesling, Frankentrau, Grünedel, Grüner Silvaner, Austrians, Austrian, Roter Silvaner, Schönfeilner ( Germany ); Feuille Ronde, Gamay Blanc, Gros Riesling, Picardon Blanc, Silvain Vert ( France ); Sylvaner Verde ( Italy ); Sonoma Riesling ( California ); Silvanac Zeleni, Silvanai Zeleni ( Croatia ); Salfin; Salfin Belyi, Salfine Bely ( Moldova ); Grüner Zierfandler, Pepitraube, Pepltraube, Sylvaner, Zierfandler ( Austria ); Gros Plant du Rhin, Gros Rhin, Johannisberg ( Switzerland ); Sylvánské Zelené ( Slovakia ); Zeleni Silvanec ( Slovenia ); Cynifadl Zeleny, Cynifal, Cynifal Zeleny, Sylvánské Zelené ( Czech Republic ); Bálint, Zöld Szilváni ( Hungary ). Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological It must not be similar to the varieties Elbling (White Silvaner), Austro-White or Sauvignon Blanc (Nutmeg-Silvaner) can be confused.
The name was often associated with the Latin "Silva" (German for "forest") or "saevum" (wild) and originated Wild vines derived. According to Dr. Ferdinand Regner carried DNA analysis but it is a presumably natural cross between the leading variety Traminer (Savagnin Blanc) x Austro-White, The variety was first introduced in Germany in 1665 as "Östareiche Vine" by Alberich Degen (1625-1686), the abbot of Cistercian abbey mentioned in Ebrach in the Franconian Steigerwald. A wayside shrine in Würzburg stone says that the abbot planted the Silvaner vine this year.
This designation and the synonym Österreicher in Franken, which is still used today, the mention of the mother variety in Austria as early as 1349, and the origin of the father variety from Eastern Austria indicate with high probability that the Silvaner originated in Austria. This is also the assumption of an origin from Transylvania in today's Romania (from which the name should be derived) obsolete. In any case, the variety is one of the oldest European vines. In addition to the Green Silvaner, there are reddish to dark colored variants, the Red Silvaner and Blue Silvaner (Black Silvaner) and are genetically indistinguishable from the Green Silvaner. An alleged mutation is senator,
From a probably natural crossing blue Zimmettraube x Silvaner is the variety Blue Portuguese emerged. The Silvaner was also an extremely popular crossing partner in many new varieties. That was among other things Bacchus. Breidecker. Bukettrebe. cantaro (1), Diana (1), Ehrenfelser. Forta. Freisamer. Gloria. Grando. Grisette. Hecker. chancellor. Kocsis Zsuzsa. fetească regală. Marie Steiner. Morio Muscat. Multaner. Noblessa. Nobling. Optima. Oraniensteiner. Osteiner. Primera. Rieslaner. Silcher and Sissi,
The medium-ripening, productive vine is sensitive to frost, as well as prone to chlorosis, both mildews and Botrytis, The green-yellow berries have a much more intense aroma than the wine made from them. Because it produces white wines with a neutral taste with subtle pome fruit notes (mostly pear), but above all vegetable Aromas that become even clearer in old age and that fruity Often suppress sounds completely. It was in until the early 1990s Germany even before Riesling the most common variety. In 2009, however, it only occupied 5,187 hectares, especially in Franconia (classic variety for the bocksbeutel bottled wine), Rheinhessen and palatinate, In Austria with 43 hectares, it is of little importance.
The Silvaner was probably already around 1546 as "Green Franconian" in the Alsace available. Because this year he will be from the botanist Hieronymus buck (1498-1554) mentioned in his "Kreutter book". Here 1,446 hectares are planted. The importance of the variety was underlined in 2005 when it was the only exception to the others for Alsace Grand Cru approved varieties exclusively for the location Zotzenberg was approved.
There are further stocks in Europe in the countries Italy mainly in South Tyrol (113 ha), Croatia (139 ha), Moldova (98 ha), in the Switzerland mainly in the canton Wallis (241 ha) under the confusing synonym Johannisberg (because it is also used for Riesling), Slovakia (117 ha), Czech Republic (122 ha) and Ukraine (70 ha). The variety is in overseas in small stocks California. Canada and New Zealand (4 ha) represented. In 2010, it occupied a total of 7,389 hectares of vineyards with a strongly decreasing tendency (ten years earlier it was 11,044 hectares). The Silvaner thus documents worldwide varieties ranking rank 91.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)