A look after the Italian winemaker Carlo Sylvoz Conegliano in the winegrowing region Veneto called education system. It is one of the many variants of espalier and in a broader sense also belongs to the large group of so-called Spurred cordon systems, At a trunk height of 140 to 160 centimeters, a one-armed cordon is pulled down (down, instead of up, so too reversal education ). As fruit wood are two long Fruchtbögen with about ten eyes cut, pulled down in a vertical direction and attached to a wire. Prerequisite is a good vigor of the vine. However, this system is not recommended for dry growing areas.
A similar system is the Casarsa education , but in which the long-cut fruit rods remain free to hang. Very similar is also the Styrian Bogener education with Doppelstockpflanzung as well as the identical Hudson River Umbrella education in the USA. The likewise similar named after the inventor system Umbrella Kniffin is among other things in California for the Concord used in the video (click to view). See also a list of all systems at training system,