Term for similar / similar but aloudly different words or terms. For example, “Winegrowers, wine growers and winegrower "Or" broom management, Buschenschank Hedge management Winery and ostrich economy "or" Böttcher and cooper "Or" press and Press "Or" Vinification, vinification, wine production and winemaking - but also Keltern ". However, words with exactly the same meaning are rare, there is often a difference in meaning or values. For example "head and head" or "home and apartment" or "vine and grape". Especially with very old, widespread varieties In extreme cases there are 30, 40, 50 and more local and regional synonyms for a single variety and its game types, Often these are groups of grape varieties, among which varieties (almost identical Clones or mutants ), but also similar, closely related, but genotypically independent varieties are summarized. Significant examples are Lambrusco. Malvasia. muscatel. Pinot. Refosco. Trebbiano and Vernaccia (each with a list).
Conversely, similar or common varieties in a vineyard were sometimes named under one name ( homonym ) summarized, although it is genotypisch are independent grape varieties. In a broader sense, synonyms used for several grape varieties are also to be understood as homonyms at the same time. There is no boundary between varieties and clones DNA analysis sometimes difficult to pull. The synonyms should therefore be viewed with great caution, especially with old grape varieties. The same or similar synonyms were often used for different grape varieties. This can, but does not have to indicate an identical identity or relationship. It is not uncommon for names of distinct varieties to be used as synonyms for others. The skill morphological Similarities in grape shape, colour (e.g. Roussette as part of the name) or in the form of berries (e.g. olive, cherry), exaggerated and Scroll as well as flavor components (crunchy berries), properties (e.g. debt payers ) or also origin (Area, wine region).
The multiple allocation of names is partly due to the fact that many varieties used to be Mixed sentence stood together in vineyards. examples are Elbling. Gouais Blanc and Orleans, This often resulted in confusion and incorrect names. Other inaccuracies and multiple use of names for different varieties are also due to poor records. In the 19th century, the authors repeatedly tried to link their local varieties with the varieties in international literature, often without direct knowledge of the foreign varieties. French varieties were simply assigned to similar varieties in Austria because they were thought to be identical.
It later turned out that there are different varieties and that the synonymous assignment is based on an original incorrect name (pseudonym). Synonyms can always only be indications, and you also need variety descriptions, picture boards and vine plants to be able to check the correct assignment to a variety. At many Viticulture institutes worldwide is today using molecular geneticsDNA analysis tries to clarify the many unanswered questions, but what is needed is living vine material. However, this is often incorrectly named and does not always represent the variety whose name it bears.
In the present work, to the best of our knowledge and belief, attempts have been made to state the genotypic identity (ie "identical to the XY grape variety") or to explicitly mention any remaining ambiguities or assumptions. With the variety of grape varieties and the often confusing relationship, blurring or mistakes cannot be ruled out. But not only for the grape varieties, but generally for the subject of viticulture, there are many synonyms for numerous terms, which are not only different from country to country, but often from region to place. This fact has been taken into account in this work and, for reasons of user-friendliness, the most common synonyms have been included as a separate keyword with reference to the main name. See also on this topic Vines systematics. sport and variety,