The red grape variety comes from France. There are over 80 Synonyms that testify the old age and the worldwide spread. The most important from a historical perspective, or still used today are Hermitage, Shiraz ( Australia ), Candive, Marsanne Noir, Petite Sirrah, Petite Syrah, Scyras, Sérène, Serine, Sira, Sirac, Sirah, Syra, Syrac ( France ); Balsamina, Neiretta Cunese, Neiretta del Monregalese, Neiretta del Rosso, Neiretta di Pinerolo, Neiretta di Saluzzo ( Italy ); Shiraz ( South Africa ); Zizak ( Montenegro ). Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological She may not share similarities with the varieties dureza. Durif (Petite Sirah), Mondeuse Noire. Persan (Serine), Serina e Zeze or Shesh i Zi be confused. The confusing and extremely complicated confusion about the three varieties Durif, peloursin and Syrah in California in connection with the term Petite Si (y) rah is under the keyword Durif described in detail.