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The on Lebanon. Jordan and Iraq bordering state on the Mediterranean coast is one of the cradles of viticulture culture. Subareas in the northeast were part of the cultural landscape Mesopotamia, The coastal area and parts of Lebanon counted in the 2nd and 1st millennium BC. To Chr Phenicia, Phoenician city-states in present-day Syria were Arados (Arwad) and Ugurit (Latakia). Vines have been cultivated here already at least the beginning of the 2nd millennium. The wine produced was among others Egypt delivered to the court of the pharaohs. The capital Damascus was built around 1.500 BC. Founded as the center of the Aramaean Empire and is in the Bible mentioned as a wine-growing center. In the 8th century BC BC, the country came under the rule of Assyria and 64. v. It was conquered by the Romans under the general Pompey (106-48 BC). It is worth noting that here already in the 2nd century BC. Chr. Glass produced and the art of glass blowing was invented.

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