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Syria

Syria (GB)
Siria (I)
Siria (ES)
Syrie (F)
Síria (PO)
Syrië (N)
The on Lebanon. Jordan and Iraq bordering state on the Mediterranean coast is one of the cradles of viticulture culture. Subareas in the northeast were part of the cultural landscape Mesopotamia, The coastal area and parts of Lebanon counted in the 2nd and 1st millennium BC. To Chr Phenicia, Phoenician city-states in present-day Syria were Arados (Arwad) and Ugurit (Latakia). Vines have been cultivated here already at least the beginning of the 2nd millennium. The wine produced was among others Egypt delivered to the court of the pharaohs. The capital Damascus was built around 1.500 BC. Founded as the center of the Aramaean Empire and is in the Bible mentioned as a wine-growing center. In the 8th century BC BC, the country came under the rule of Assyria and 64. v. It was conquered by the Romans under the general Pompey (106-48 BC). It is worth noting that here already in the 2nd century BC. Chr. Glass produced and the art of glass blowing was invented.

There was a wine-growing until the 1970s, but then by Islamic fundamentalism and the associated alcohol ban almost eliminated. The famous English wine author Cyrus Redding (1785-1870) reported that red and white wine in Bordeaux quality is produced in Syria. At that time there must still have been significant winegrowing. In the period 1920-1944 Syria was French mandate territory, which French grape varieties were introduced and a revival of viticulture was. In the early 1990s, there were still 120,000 hectares of vineyards. These shrank by 2012 to 49,000 hectares, but almost exclusively for table grapes and raisins be used. The small wine production of about 1,000 hectares of vineyards with French grape varieties in the hills around Damascus, Aleppo and Hems is carried out by the Christian minority. Due to the raging civil war from 2011, the viticulture came but almost completely to a standstill.

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