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Tajikistan

Tayikistán (ES)
Tajikistan (GB)
Tadjikistan (F)
Tadjiquistão (PO)
Tagikistan (I)
The ex USSR republic and since 1991 independent state lies in Central Asia and borders in the south Afghanistan, in the west Uzbekistan, to the north Kyrgyzstan and to the east China, A viticulture is in this country already in 4. Century v. Chr. Chr., When it belonged to the kingdom of Alexander the Great. In the 8th century, Islam reached the area, resulting in the associated alcohol ban led to a change in grape varieties. Well, especially Blackboard- and raisin grapes prefers. During the Middle Ages Tajikistan belonged to the Empire of Persia. In 1868, Tajikistan became a colony Russia (see the history there). In the 1920s, the small estates were merged into large collective farms and large-scale wine production started in the USSR. Wineries were built in the cities of Khujand (Leninabod), Pandschakent and Qurghonteppa (Kurgan-Tjube).

Tajikistan is divided into the three wine regions Khudzhand in the north, the Gissar valley in the center and the Vakhsh valley in the south. There is a continental climate with cold winters and hot summers. For the most part are artificial irrigation and a winter protection required. Grapes for wine production are Cabernet Sauvignon. Muscat Blanc. Riesling. Rkatsiteli. Saperavi and Sauvignon Blanc as well as the autochthonous sorts Bayanshira and Tagobi, A specialty is alcoholic Sweet wines, In 2012, the vineyard covered 44,000 hectares, of which only the vanishingly small amount of 2,000 hectoliters of wine were produced.

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