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The French statesman Prince Charles Maurice Talleyrand-Périgord (1754-1838) was a dazzling personality. A military career was denied him because of a crippled foot. Already at the age of 34, he served as bishop of Autun, but was banned by the Pope because of his anti-church activities. He also lived for several years as an emigrant in America and practiced the post of foreign minister under the board of directors after returning to his homeland Napoleon (1769-1821). From 1806 he opposed the Emperor and was under the Bourbons again Minister. At the Congress of Vienna in 1814/1815 he decisively influenced the reorganization of Europe. Talleyrand was a keen wine lover and also owner of the famous Château Haut-Brion in the area Graves,

An anecdote by him illustrates impressively what is meant by "culture of wine-enjoyment". Talleyrand gave a guest one of his finest wines. He put on the glass and downed the precious contents in one go. The host refilled, but before the guest could chase the glass just as brutally through the throat, the diplomat held him a stand-up joke: You do not wash down such a fine wine like beer. First you take the glass in your hand and look at the wine. The stunned guest said: And then? The answer Talleyrands: Then you lift the glass to the nose and enjoy the smell of wine. The guest: But then you can drink it? Talleyrand: No - then you put the glass back and talk about the wine!

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