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The largest wine encyclopedia in the world

22.749 Keywords • 48.619 Synonyms • 5.293 Translations • 7.912 Pronunciations • 150.186 Cross-references

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Tankgärverfahren

tank fermentation process (GB)
fermentation en cuves (F)
For sparkling wine, see below Méthode charmat,

Process in the production of sparkling wine or Perlwein in which the second fermentation not in the bottle but in a pressure tank. Therefore, it is also referred to as tank fermentation or large-scale fermentation, in France as Cuve-close and in Spain as Granvás. The invention is the French agricultural engineer Eugène Charmat attributed. This experimented at the beginning of the 20th century at the University of Montpellier (Languedoc) with pressure tanks and introduced from the year 1910 the method. However, especially in Italy Federico applies Martinotti (1860-1924), the director of l'Istituto Sperimentale per l'Enologia di Asti as inventor, who apparently made extensive experiments in his institute before Charmat. He used closed containers that withstand a pressure of up to 6 bar. Therefore, in Italy, the process is patriotically referred to as Metodo martinotti, Metodo martinotti-charmat...

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