The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Bordelais Noir, Madiran, Madiron, Mouston, Moustron, Moustrou, Moustroun, Tanat, Tannat Gris, Tannat Noir, Tannat Noir Male ( France ); Bordelez Beltza ( Spain ); Harriague ( Uruguay ). It was first mentioned in 1783 under the name Tanat in the probably exact area of origin Hautes-Pyrénées. According to 2009 DNA analysis there may be one Parent-offspring relationship with the variety Manseng Noir, as well as relationships to the varieties Baroque. Courbu Blanc. Lauzet and Petit Courbu, Tannat was a crossing partner in the four new varieties Achemoyeta. Arinarnoa. Artzebat and Ekigaïna, There is also a light berry variety called Tannat Gris .
The medium-ripening vine is susceptible to mites and Botrytis, It yields a dark colored, spicy and tannin Red wine with raspberry aroma. Dry analyzes gave extremely high amounts of resveratrol and cyanidin, which have antioxidative and anti-inflammatory and therefore health-promoting properties. Since the publication of Roger Corder's research results in the scientific journal "Nature", the tannate has been considered " healthiest Red wine at all ”. The strong one astringent Taste is added by Cabernet Sauvignon. Cabernet Franc and Fer as well as long bottle aging mitigated.
Tannate is mainly as the main variety in the range Madiran known. It is also in the appellations Béarn. Cahors. Cotes de Saint-Mont. Cotes du Brulhois. Irouléguy and tursan authorized. The acreage in 2010 was 2,914 hectares in France. There are further stocks in Italy - Sicily (45 ha), Portugal and the Switzerland,
Around 1870, the variety was imported by French emigrants South America introduced where, according to the settler Pascual Harriague (1819-1894) is also known as Harriague. There are more acreages overseas in Canada. Argentina (705 ha), Australia. Brazil (295 ha), Bolivia. Japan. Peru. South Africa (67 ha) and Uruguay (1,815 ha), as well as in the United States Georgia. Illinois. California and Virginia, The variety occupied a total of 5,940 hectares of vineyards in 2010. It lies in the worldwide varieties ranking at rank 104.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)