This educational system was developed at the Australian research station Tatura (Victoria). It can be to the two groups espalier and cordon be counted. The support framework has an upwardly opening V-shape (hence "V-system"). In the middle of a Rows of vines meet the inclined by 60 ° canopy of the adjacent rows and form a bower. The system provides high yield but it is difficult to mechanize. That's why it does not matter much. The developed in France Lyra education is very similar in principle, only slightly smaller. See also complete listings of keywords below training system (Systems) and Weingarten Care (Activities).