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taverna (I)
taberna (ES)
tavern (GB)
Old name (also Taferne) for an inn, which is derived from the Latin "Taberna" (hut, shack). The operator of a taferne or tafernwirt, also known as Taferner or Tafernwirt, previously held tafern law. This right, granted by the sovereign, roughly corresponded to today's restaurant concession and contained various privileges. According to this, the innkeeper of a Tafernwirtschaft, a so-called "perfect economy", not only had the public tap or Krug law, the hostel and guest law as well as the foreign stables (the supply and storage of the draft and riding animals), but he was also allowed to organize engagement feasts, weddings, baptismal feasts and other festivities. In addition, the funeral was held here in the event of death and the estate negotiation was conducted.

If there was no official building, court hearings also took place there. The Taferne was, so to speak, the communal center in worldly affairs of the villagers. Tafernrecht also included the brewing law, the firing law and the baking justice, i.e. the right to put in an oven and bake bread. A landlord without tafernrecht was only a so-called Zapfwirt. Legal transactions with wine used to be “drunk”, that is, sealed in front of witnesses. See also under Leitgeben and Weinkauf, as well as under Customs in viticulture,

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