Term (also temperance) for temperance or abstinence (English temperance), in general usage, however, this is especially with regard to consumption of alcohol Roger that. In Europe, abstinence movements were founded in some countries from the beginning of the 19th century with the aim of total abstinence from alcohol. The "Temperenzler" saw this as an approach to healing alcoholics as well as a social reform measure because they considered alcohol consumption to be the cause of the misery of the lower classes. The first movement originated in Ireland in 1829. The British and Foreign Temperance Society was founded in England two years later, and then the idea spread throughout Europe.
In the United States At the beginning of the 19th century, a movement emerged that vehemently and rigorously opposed the consumption and distribution of alcohol of all kinds, not just hard drinks such as whiskey, but also Wine or beer, In 1826 it began to form under the name "American Temperance Society". This association basically and principally condemned alcohol consumption - including occasional moderate drinking. Already in the 1830s there were more than 6,000 local temperament groups with over one million members in the USA.
The US social reformer Frances Elizabeth Caroline Willard (1839-1898) was one of the founders of the "Women's Christian Temperance Union" in 1874. But she was not only committed to the fight against alcohol consumption, but also campaigned for women's rights and for a more social and fair society. This association, in particular, was instrumental in many campaigns to ensure that the ban on the sale, manufacture, import and transport of alcoholic beverages, i.e. the prohibition from 1920 to 1933. See also under alcohol ban and drinking culture,