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temperance (GB)

Latin term for temperance or temperance, in general linguistic usage, however, this is especially in terms of consumption of alcohol Roger that. At the beginning of the 19th century originated in the USA a movement that fought vehemently and rigorously against the consumption and distribution of alcohol of all kinds, not just hard drinks like whiskey, but also Wine or beer ). In 1826 it began to form under the name "American Temperance Society". This union condemned the consumption of alcohol basically and in principle - even occasional moderate drinking. As early as the 1830s, there were more than 6,000 local Temperenzler groups in the US with over one million members.

In 1874 the association "Women's Christian Temperance Union" was founded. The goal was initially to ban saloons reserved for men only. In 1879, the charismatic and militant new leader of the WCTU, Frances Elizabeth Caroline Willard (1839-1898), declared "that the saloon is only an outpost of the enemy; that the real enemy is invisible and lurking in the hinterland, entrenched behind breastworks of desire and greed, ignorance and indifference, of false customs and false ideals, of laws and politics . " In particular, this association was instrumental in many actions that it gradually came to an alcohol ban in individual US states and then led ultimately to the valid in all states prohibition in the period from 1920 to 1933. See also the subject area under alcoholism and intoxication,

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