The spirit comes from the environment of the city of Tequila in the state of Jalisco in Mexico and is a form of agave liquor Mezcal (Aztec "The House of the Moon"). The starting material is the "heart" of the blue agave (Agave tequilana Weber ) , which is in the origin protected Area in the regions of Jalisco, Guanajuato, Michoacan, Nayarit and Tamaulipas particularly flourishes. From the "piña", the pineapple-like core, a sweet, honey-like juice is obtained and distilled from the tequila. It has a clear to dark color (silver / blanco = unripe, gold / oro = blend blanco with aged tequila, aged / reposado = 2 months, extra aged / añejo = to 1 year, ultra -aged / extra-añejo = to 3 years). The precursor is the alcoholic fermentation drink pulque with only a small amount alcohol content, With tequila these are usually between 38 and 40% vol, but also more. Tequila is also a popular ingredient of cocktails, for example Black Death (with blood orange juice), Margarita (with lime juice, orange liqueur) and Sunrise (with orange juice, lemon juice, grenadine).
After the Second World War (1939-1945) the drink was in the United States and later also extremely popular worldwide. The US rock band "The Champs" reached on March 28, 1958 with the instrumental hit "Tequila" No. 1 on the Billboard charts and thus landed a million seller worldwide. Often one hears that tequila should be enjoyed with salt and lemon / lime in this order: moisten on the back of the hand between the thumb and forefinger with the lemon slice, then sprinkle some salt on it, lick the salt from the hand, then tilt the tequila and then suck on the lemon slice. The salt and the acid harmonize with each other and give a special taste experience, the so-called "tequila effect". This custom is unknown in Mexico and in Europe you should only enjoy the "Blanco". Popular in Mexico is a three-piece "Bandera" (flag because it matches the colors of the Mexican flag) with lime juice (green), tequila (white) and Sangrita (red), which you drink in this order.