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The spirit comes from the area of the city of Tequila in the state of Jalisco in Mexico and is a form of agave schnapps Mezcal (Aztec "The House of the Moon"). The starting product is the "heart" of the blue agave (Agave tequilana Weber ) , which in the origin protected Territory particularly flourishes in the Jalisco, Guanajuato, Michoacan, Nayarit and Tamaulipas regions. A sweet, honey-like juice is obtained from the "piña", the pineapple-like core, and the tequila is distilled from it. Depending on the type of maturation or maturation in oak barrels, it has a clear to dark color (silver / blanco = unripened, gold / oro = blend blanco with aged tequila, aged / reposado = 2 months, extra aged / añejo = 1 year, ultra -aged / extra-añejo = at. 3 years). The alcoholic fermentation beverage is considered the forerunner pulque with little alcohol content, For tequila this is usually between 38 and 40% vol, but also more. Tequila is also a popular ingredient in cocktails, for example Black Death (with blood orange juice), Margarita (with lime juice, orange liqueur) and Sunrise (with orange juice, lemon juice, grenadine).

Tequila types: silver / blanco, aged / reposado, extra aged / añejo - blue agave (Agave tequilana) - Jalisco-Mexico

After the Second World War (1939-1945) the drink was sold in the United States and later extremely popular worldwide. The US rock band "The Champs" reached number 1 on the Billboard charts on March 28, 1958 with the instrumental hit "Tequila" and thus landed a million seller worldwide. One often hears that tequila with salt and lemon / lime should be enjoyed in this order: moisten the area between the thumb and index finger with the lemon wedge on the back of the hand, then sprinkle some salt on it, lick the salt off the hand, then tip the tequila and then suck on the lemon wedge. The salt and the acid harmonize with each other and result in a special taste experience, the so-called "tequila effect". This custom is unknown in Mexico and in Europe you should only enjoy the "Blanco". A “Bandera” (flag, because it corresponds to the colors of the Mexican flag) with lime juice (green), tequila (white) and Sangrita (red) that you drink in this order.

Left picture: By Ralf Roletschek - Own work, CC BY-SA 3.0 , Link
Right: By Stan Shebs , CC BY-SA 3.0 , link

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