The red grape variety probably comes from Trentino-Alto Adige ( Italy ). Synonyms are Merlina, Terodola, Teroldega, Teroldeghe, Teroldego Rotaliano, Teroldela, Teroldico, Teroldigo, Teroldigo Crni, Teroldila, Teroldola, Tiraldega, Tiraldola, Tirodola, Tiroldegho, Tiroldico and Tiroldigo. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the varieties Negrara Trentina or Negrara Veronese (both also to be confused with the synonym Terodola). According to in 2006 DNA analysis the pedigree is unknown, but surprisingly shares it with that of Rhone French variety dureza the unknown parents. Teroldego and Dureza are therefore "siblings" and possibly grandchildren of Pinot, The varieties are from probably natural crosses of Teroldego with an unknown, probably extinct partner Lagrein and Marzemino emerged. Teroldego is considered in the European gene pool leading variety, from which many other varieties come. It was a crossing partner of the new varieties Gosen. Iasma ECO. Rebo. Sennen,
There are several interpretations for the name. It is probably named after the district of Teroldeghe in the municipality of Mezzolombardo (Trento). According to a second variant, it is derived from the German name "Tiroler Gold" and, according to a third, from the tar note. The very old variety comes from the Rotaliano plain, after which (and after the variety) the DOC area Teroldego Rotaliano is named. It was already signed in a sales contract in 1480 Trentino and subsequently mentioned in other documents, for example on the occasion of the Trento Council (1545-1563). The wines were very popular at the Vienna Court during the Habsburg monarchy.
The medium-late ripening vine is susceptible to the wrong and the real mildew, It produces deep-colored, fruity red wines with soft tannins and aromas of black cherries. The variety is mainly in the Trentino-South Tyrol region, as well as in Veneto and under the name Merlina in the Lombardy cultured. The acreage in Italy covers a total of 839 hectares with increasing tendency (ten years earlier it was 682 hectares). There are also other stocks overseas California (33 ha), Brazil (10 ha) and allegedly also in New Zealand, In 2010 a total of 839 hectares of vineyards were shown (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)