The red grape variety comes from the border area Italy (Gorizia) - Slovenia (Goricia). She is a member of Refosco Group, Synonyms are Cagnina, Crodarina, Istarski Teran, Rabiosa Nera, Refosco del Carso, Refosco d'lstria, Refosco Terrano, Refošk , Taran, Tarin, Teran, Terran, Terrana, Terrano del Carso and Terrano d'lstria. It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the two varieties Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso or Refosco di Faedis be confused.
The Roman author Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned a "Nobile vinum Pucinum "As rich in therapeutic properties from the cross-border karst area called" Carso "in Italy and" Kras "in Slovenia. Whether a connection between this antique wine and Terrano is, of course, can not be verified. A first mention dates from 1340 with white and red Terrano varieties. The medium to late ripening vine is resistant to frost and the most important vine diseases. It produces acid and tannic red wines with aromas of wild berries and cherries.
In Italy is the variety in Friuli-Venezia Giulia in the DOC wines Carso and Colli di Rimini as well as under the name Cagnina in the Emilia-Romagna in the DOC wine Romagna authorized. The Italian acreage is 272 hectares. In Slovenia under the name Refošk it is varietal in the Kras Teran contain. Here it occupies 1,292 hectares mainly in the areas of Kras, Istra and Vipavska Dolina. And under the name Teran she will be in the area of Istria in Croatia grown on 350 hectares. Small stocks should also be in Northern Macedonia give. In 2010, a total of 1,914 hectares of vineyards were reported (Kym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service