The red grape comes from the border area Italy (Gorizia) - Slovenia (Goricia). She is a member of the Refosco Group, Synonyms are Cagnina, Crodarina, Istarski Teran, Rabiosa Nera, Refosco del Carso, Refosco d'lstria, Refosco Terrano, Refošk , Taran, Tarin, Teran, Terran, Terrana, Terrano del Carso and Terrano d'lstria. Despite apparently suggesting synonyms or morphological No similarities with the two varieties Refosco dal Peduncolo Rosso or Refosco di Faedis be confused.
The Roman author Pliny the Elder (23-79) mentioned a “Nobile vinum Pucinum “As rich in therapeutic properties from the cross-border karst area, which is called“ Carso ”in Italy and“ Kras ”in Slovenia. Whether there is a connection between this antique wine and the Terrano, of course, can no longer be verified. A first mention comes from the year 1340 with white and red Terrano varieties. The medium to late ripening vine is resistant to frost and the main vine diseases. It produces acidic and tannic red wines with aromas of wild berries and cherries.
In Italy is the variety in Friuli-Venezia Giulia in the DOC wines Carso and Colli di Rimini as well as under the name Cagnina in the Emilia-Romagna in DOC wine Romagna authorized. The Italian acreage is 272 hectares. In Slovenia it is a single variety under the name Refošk Kras Teran contain. Here it occupies 1,292 hectares mainly in the areas of Kras, Istra and Vipavska Dolina. And under the name Teran it is located in the Istria area Croatia grown on 350 hectares. Small stocks are also said to be in Northern Macedonia give. In 2010, a total of 1,914 hectares of vineyards were shown (cym Anderson ).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Images: MIPAAF - National Vine Certification Service