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Texas

Texas with the capital Austin in the southwest of North America is the second largest in area and beside Florida the southernmost state of the USA, It may sound amazing, but Texas is considered one of the cradles of American viticulture. Short time after in New Mexico Spanish conquistadors had created vineyards, this was done in here already in 1626 by Franciscan monks. In the last third of the 19th century, Texas played an important role in researching the appropriate documents for Europe. The American botanist Thomas V. Munson (1843-1913) laid one in Denison-Texas nursery with trial areas. The ideal vines were finally found at San Antonio. They were varieties of the species occurring here Vitis cinerea var. Helleri (at that time referred to as Vitis berlandieri). At the beginning of the 19th century there were 25 wineries, according to the prohibition (1920-1933) remained as the only Val Verde Winery.

In the early 1970s, a complete restart took place. The consistently high altitude vineyards offer good climatic conditions for viticulture. There are about 100 producers. The vineyards cover 3,200 hectares of vineyards in the three regions of North Central, South-Eastern and Trans-Pecos. The eight as AVA Classified areas include Bell Mountain, Escondido Valley, Fredericksburg, Mesilla Valley, Texas Davis Mountains, Texas High Plains, Texas Hill Country and Texoma. The first outstanding Texan wine was in 1987 from the new breed Carnelian produced. However, it is mainly European varieties such as Chardonnay. Sauvignon Blanc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot and Zinfandel cultivated. Today, the best wines can be made with those California measure up. Well-known producers are Becker Vineyards, Blue Mountain Vineyards, Fall Creek Vineyards, Grape Creek Vineyards, Hidden Springs Winery, Llano Estacado, Messina Farm Wine Cellars, Pheasant Ridge Winery, Red River Winery, Sainte-Geneviève (see Cordier ) and Wichita Falls Vineyard & Winery.

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