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Texas

Texas with the capital Austin in southwestern North America is the second largest and next to in terms of area Florida the southernmost state of the United States, It may sound astonishing, but Texas is considered one of the cradles of American viticulture. A short time after in New Mexico Spanish conquistadors had created vineyards, this was done here in 1626 by Franciscan monks. In the last third of the 19th century, Texas played an important role in researching the appropriate documents for Europe. The American botanist Thomas V. Munson (1843-1913) laid one in Denison-Texas nursery with trial areas. The ideal vines were finally found at San Antonio. They were varieties of the species found here Vitis cinerea var. Helleri (then called Vitis berlandieri). At the beginning of the 19th century there were 25 wineries, according to the prohibition (1920-1933) was the only Val Verde winery left.

A complete restart took place in the early 1970s. The vineyards, all of which are located at high altitudes, offer good climatic conditions for viticulture. There are around 100 producers. The vineyards cover 3,200 hectares of vines in the three regions of North Central, South-Eastern and Trans-Pecos. The eight as AVA classified areas are Bell Mountain, Escondido Valley, Fredericksburg, Mesilla Valley, Texas Davis Mountains, Texas High Plains, Texas Hill Country and Texoma. The first outstanding Texas wine came from the new breed in 1987 Carnelian produced. However, mainly European varieties such as Chardonnay. Sauvignon Blanc. Cabernet Sauvignon. Merlot and Zinfandel cultured. Today the best wines can match those California measure up. Well-known producers are Becker Vineyards, Blue Mountain Vineyards, Fall Creek Vineyards, Grape Creek Vineyards, Hidden Springs Winery, Llano Estacado, Messina Hof Wine Cellars, Pheasant Ridge Winery, Red River Winery, Sainte-Geneviève (see Cordier ) and Wichita Falls Vineyard & Winery.

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