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Theophrastus The Greek philosopher and naturalist Theophrastus of Eresos (370-287 BC) was on the island Lesbos born. The student of the Aristotle (384-322 BC) is considered to be the first natural scientist who dealt with the most important areas of botany in his writings "Natural history of the crops" (Historia Plantarum, Causae Plantarum) physiology and morphology of plants and one taxonomy (Plant systematics).

Among the numerous plants, the vine is also dealt with, particularly with regard to the correct choice of location with the necessary coordination of vine. ground and climate pointed out and a vegetative propagation of vines through cuttings and Absenker recommended. Even then the meaning of today's term was obvious terroir deliberately.

He also goes to the winemaking and mentions the addition of gypsum or marble dust to the wine, which is probably for the sake of clarification and leavening took place. See also under Ancient wines and Ancient grape varieties,

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