The exact origin of the white grape variety is uncertain; she could out Germany. France or Czech Republic (Moravia) originate. The different game types differ in berry color, Aroma. leaf shape and grape size, as well as regarding vigor, earnings and susceptibility to disease, but have almost the same DNA profile with little differences. They are therefore regarded as a single grape variety, although in many grape variety catalogs they are very well listed separately. There are three types of game:
Savagnin Blanc (in France) or Gelber Traminer, Weißer Traminer, Traminer (in German-speaking countries): The French name (also Savagnin for short) is usually given in international sources or grape variety catalogs. It is not always clear whether it is actually the White Traminer or the Gewürztraminer. This variety is characterized by odorless, yellow-green berries.
Gewurztraminer or Red Traminer or (especially in France) Savagnin Rose Aromatique: The German name (in English-speaking countries often with "u") is surprisingly common internationally. This by far the most common variety is characterized by aromatic, reddish / orange berries.
Savagnin Rose or Klevener de Heiligenstein or Savagnin Rose Non Musqué: This non-aromatic variety with red-brown berries is rare; it comes almost exclusively in French Alsace in front. In the German-speaking countries, the name or the variety can hardly be found.
In German-speaking countries, the sources mostly differentiate between the two types of white traminer or yellow traminer and Gewürztraminer or red traminer. If only the name Traminer is given, it is mostly the Gewürztraminer, but it can also mean the White / Yellow Traminer. For the two types of game Gewurztraminer and Savagnin Rose there are separate keywords with additional information.
By performed independently by different biologists DNA analysis in Italy, France, Germany and Austria it was proven that the French varieties Savagnin Blanc, Rose and Aromatique, the Swiss varieties Heida, Heidarot and Païen, the Italian Traminer Aromatico and all varieties known as Traminer in German-speaking countries are identical. The Swiss biologist Dr. José Vouillamoz therefore thinks that it is wrong to speak of a "Traminer family", since this also associates other kinship relationships such as "siblings", "nephews", "nieces", "aunts" and "uncles", which is not the case ,
The around 200 Synonyms in countless languages are records and prove the old age and widespread use. In most countries there is no separation when recording the game types, but these are usually shown together. The following synonyms are used as a general, neutral term for Traminer or for the white / yellow variant, but also, confusingly, often for all variants (there is no clear assignment). The most important, alphabetically grouped by country, are Adelfranke, Edeltraube, Franconian, Frennschen, Frentschen, Klevner, Rotfrensch, Weißfrennschen ( Germany ); Noble white, white noble ( Alsace ); Beaunié, Fromenteau, Fourmentans, Gentil Blanc, Naturé, Naturel, Sauvagnin, Savagnin Jaune, Savagnin Vert, Viclair ( France ); Traminac ( Croatia ); Klevner ( Austria ); Heida, Païen ( Switzerland ); Brynšt, Drumin, Prync, Tramín Bíly ( Czech Republic ); Traminec ( Slovenia ); Old German / German, Malvoisie ( South-Tirol ); Formentin ( Hungary ). The specific synonyms for the two types of game Gewurztraminer and Savagnin Rose are listed there.
Traminer's parenthood has not been fully clarified despite several DNA analyzes, or there are three different theses. The first thesis is...