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23.030 Keywords • 48.228 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.336 Pronunciations • 154.274 Cross-references

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Three-tier system

In the United States after prohibition (1920-1933) introduced regulation of a three-level system for the distribution of alcoholic beverages. According to this, manufacturers (breweries, wineries. distilleries, Importers), wholesalers and retailers are not in one hand and must be separate. However, there are many exceptions in different states. For example, in some countries wineries are allowed to sell directly from the farm, as well as brewpubs (restaurants with their own brewery). Some are limited to just two levels (two-tier system). As a rule, the manufacturers grant the exclusive rights to market their products to a retailer within a geographical area, so that there can be no competition between two retailers. A ruling by the Supreme Court in 2005 made direct delivery to the states Michigan and new York allowed and thus created a prejudice case. See under Direct shipping,

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