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Three-tier system

In the United States after prohibition (1920-1933) introduced a three-tier system for the distribution of alcoholic beverages. Accordingly, producers (breweries, wineries. distilleries, Importers), wholesalers and retailers are not in one hand and must be separated. But there are many exemptions in different states. For example, wineries and brewpubs (restaurants with their own brewery) may sell directly in individual states. For some, there is a restriction to only two levels (two-tier system). As a rule, manufacturers grant exclusive rights to market their products to a trader within a geographical area, so that competition between two traders can not occur. By a ruling of the Supreme Court in 2005, the direct shipment to the States Michigan and new York allowed and thus created a prejudice case. See under Direct shipping,

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