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22.777 Keywords • 48.496 Synonyms • 5.298 Translations • 7.909 Pronunciations • 151.262 Cross-references

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thyrsos

In Greek or Roman mythology, this staff of the female as Maadaden (later also Dionysian) and Bacchantes female companions in the Dionysia or Bacchanalia and, more rarely, of the satyrs (Hybrid creature half human, half goat) worn. Those who had over-attributed the wine could rely on such a staff. It consisted of a stem of the giant fennel, was crowned with a pine cone and wound with ivy and vines. The staff was also considered a fertility symbol. Together with the kantharos (Drinking vessel for wine), the thyrsus stick was an attribute of the Greek wine god Dionysos or the Roman counterpart Bacchus (hence Bacchus stick), with which these two were often represented. The picture on the left shows a "raging" maenad with a thyrsus staff and a panther, the picture on the right a maenad with a thyrsos staff and a satyr with an erect phallus.

Maenad with thyrsus staff / maenad with thyrsos staff and satyrs with erect phallus

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