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23.021 Keywords • 48.219 Synonyms • 5.303 Translations • 28.327 Pronunciations • 154.138 Cross-references

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thyrsos

In Greek and Roman mythology, this staff was described by the female as Maden (later also Dionysian) or Bacchantes female companions in the Dionysia or Bacchanalia and, more rarely, of the satyrs (Hybrid creature half human, half goat) worn. Those who had over-attributed the wine could rely on such a staff. It consisted of a stalk of the giant fennel, was crowned with a pine cone and wound with ivy and vines. The rod was also considered fertility symbol. Together with the kantharos (Drinking vessel for wine), the thyrsus stick was an attribute of the Greek wine god Dionysos or the Roman counterpart Bacchus (hence Bacchus stick), with which these two were often represented. The picture on the left shows a "raging" maenad with a thyrsus staff and a panther, the picture on the right a maenad with a thyrsos staff and a satyr with an erect phallus.

Maenad with thymus staff / maenad with thyrsos staff and satyrs with erect phallus

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