The red grape variety comes from France. Synonyms are Antiboulene, Antiboulene, Antibouren, Antibourin, Rosseis, Tiboulen, Tiboulin, Tibouren Noir ( France ); Rossese, Rossese di Dolceacqua, Rossese di Ventimiglia, Rossese Nericcio, Rossese Nero, Rossese Rosso, Rossese Ventimiglia ( Italy ). It may, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological Similarities do not match the Italian variety Rossese di Campochiesa be confused. With the five white ones Rossese varieties they are not colored mutations, The early to middle-ripening vine tends to Verrieseln and is prone to early frost and falseness mildew, It produces aromatic red wines with notes of garrigue (shrub heather) and sour cherries. These are mainly used for the production of rosé wines, as well unmixed used for red wines.
According to one hypothesis, the variety should Greece or the Middle East, but there is no evidence. According to local interpretation, it was brought by a naval captain named Antiboul in the late 17th century in the area around Saint-Tropez in the Var. There she is in the appellations Côtes de Provence. Coteaux Varois and palette authorized. In France, a stock of 443 hectares was reported in 2010, which is a double compared to 2000. In Italy, it is called Rossese di Dolceacqua in Liguria cultivated mainly in the province of Imperia. There she is in the DOC areas Riviera Ligure di Ponente and Rossese di Dolceacqua authorized. However, it is not clear which variety (s) it is (Rossese di Dolceacqua and / or Rossese di Campochiesa).
Source : Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Photos : Doris Schneider, Ursula Brühl, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI), Federal Research Center for Cultivated Plants,
Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof - 76833 Siebeldingen, GERMANY