Canton in the Italian Switzerland with the main town Bellinzona. It borders Italy and is divided into two parts, Sopraceneri and Sottoceneri. The southernmost and most scenic Swiss canton is also known as the "sun room of Switzerland" due to the many hours of sunshine. It is one of the six Swiss wine regions. The vineyards cover 1,028 hectares of vineyards. Another specialty is that in the canton Grisons lying Misox Valley (Mesolcina) with 50 hectares. The climate is reminiscent of Mediterranean conditions, but in contrast there is high rainfall. The majority of the approximately 3,800 winegrowers own only small plots and are involved in wine-growing as a sideline. Well-known winegrowing communities are Biasca, Castel San Pietro, Chiasso, Giornico, Giubiasco, Gordola, Gudo, Malvaglia, Morbio, Morcote, Rivera, Rovio, Stabio, Tenero and Verscio. The best locations are between the two lakes Lago Maggiore and Lago di Lugano, as well as Bellinzona and Locarno.
After the devastation caused by the phylloxera and the mildew Towards the end of the 19th century, many winegrowers emigrated to America (in California there is still an "Italian Swiss Colony"). After the destruction of many vineyards, Bordeaux became the Merlot introduced, which today occupies over 80%. The Piedmont varieties are still available in small quantities Barbera. Bonarda. Bondola and Freisa that for the traditional country wine Nostrano (Eng. "ours") can be used. The white wines Chasselas. Müller-Thurgau. Chardonnay. Pinot gris and Sauvignon Blanc make up only 6%. Occupy around 7% American vines (Americano) like Isabella. Clinton and Noah who are mostly for table grapes. grape juice and grappa serve.
In 1997 a quality system similar to that in Italy was introduced. A large part of the production is mostly Merlot red wines aged in barrels. There is also a separate appellation called "Ticino DOC Merlot". There is also a weißgekelterten, light red Merlot Bianco. In addition to the DOC status, the special Ticino seal of approval is awarded for the best wines VITI forgive. The seal of approval is also available for grappa. A traditional wine specialty is Millegusti, Well-known producers are Brivio, Cantina Sociale Mendrisio, Luigi Castello, Castel San Pietro, Delea. Gialdi, Daniel Huber, Adriano Kaufmann, Klausener, Pian Marnino, Werner Stucky, Tamborini, Vinattieri Ticinesi, Valsangiacomo, Zanini and Christian Zündel.
Images: © OTR Mendrisiotto e Basso Ceresio