Canton in the Italian Switzerland with the main town Bellinzona. He adjoins Italy and is divided into the two parts Sopraceneri and Sottoceneri. The southernmost and most scenic Swiss canton is called because of the many hours of sunshine and "Sonnenstube Switzerland". He is one of the six Swiss wine regions. The vineyards cover 1,028 hectares of vineyards. Another special feature is that in the canton Grisons lying Misoxtal (Mesolcina) with 50 acres to it. The climate is reminiscent of Mediterranean conditions, in contrast, there are high precipitation amounts. A large part of the approximately 3,800 winegrowers owns only small parcels and operates viticulture as a sideline. Well-known wine-growing communities are Biasca, Castel San Pietro, Chiasso, Giornico, Giubiasco, Gordola, Gudo, Malvaglia, Morbio, Morcote, Rivera, Rovio, Stabio, Tenero and Verscio. The best locations are between the two lakes Lago Maggiore and Lago di Lugano, as well as Bellinzona and Locarno.
After the devastation by the phylloxera and the mildew towards the end of the 19th century, many winemakers emigrated to America (in California there is still today an "Italian Swiss Colony"). After the destruction of many vineyards was from the Bordeaux from 1907 the Merlot introduced, which today occupies more than 80%. In small quantities there are still the Piedmont varieties Barbera. Bonarda. Bondola and Freisa which is for the traditional country wine Nostrano (dt. "ours") are used. The white wine varieties Chasselas. Müller-Thurgau. Chardonnay. Pinot gris and Sauvignon Blanc make up only 6%. Around 7% occupy American vines (Americano) like Isabella. Clinton and Noah, mostly for table grapes. grape juice and grappa serve.
In 1997, a similar quality system was introduced as in Italy. Much of the production is mostly matured in barrique Merlot red wines. There is also a special appellation called "Ticino DOC Merlot". There is also a weißgekelterten, bright red Merlot Bianco. In addition to the DOC status is the appropriate Ticino seal of quality for appropriate evaluation of the best wines VITI forgive. The seal of approval also exists for Grappa. A traditional wine specialty is Millegusti, Well-known producers are Brivio, Cantina Sociale Mendrisio, Luigi Castello, Castel San Pietro, Delea. Gialdi, Daniel Huber, Adriano Kaufmann, Klausener, Pian Marnino, Werner Stucky, Tamborini, Vinattieri Ticinesi, Valsangiacomo, Zanini and Christian Zündel.
Images: © OTR Mendrisiotto e Basso Ceresio